Naturalistically Observed Sighing and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: A Preliminary Study

Megan L. Robbins, Matthias R Mehl, Shannon E. Holleran, Shelley Kasle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study tested the degree to which naturalistically observed sighing in daily life is a behavioral indicator of depression and reported physical symptoms (i.e., experienced pain and flare days) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Design: Thirteen RA patients wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an observational ambulatory assessment tool, for two weekends (Friday through Sunday) approximately one month apart. The EAR periodically recorded snippets of ambient sounds from participants' momentary environments (50 s every 18 min). Sighs were coded from the sampled ambient sounds. Main Outcome Measures: Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Pain during the past month was assessed with a 10-cm visual-analog scale, and number of flare days during the prior 6 months was reported. Results: Sighing was significantly and strongly related to patients' levels of depression and nonsignificantly and less strongly related to their reported pain and number of flare days. Conclusion: The findings suggest that sighing can serve as an observable marker of depression in RA patients. Because the sample size was small, the findings should be considered preliminary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Depression
Pain
Visual Analog Scale
Sample Size
Epidemiologic Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Ambulatory assessment
  • Ecological momentary assessment
  • Electronically activated recorder
  • Emotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Naturalistically Observed Sighing and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients : A Preliminary Study. / Robbins, Megan L.; Mehl, Matthias R; Holleran, Shannon E.; Kasle, Shelley.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 129-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Robbins, Megan L. ; Mehl, Matthias R ; Holleran, Shannon E. ; Kasle, Shelley. / Naturalistically Observed Sighing and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients : A Preliminary Study. In: Health Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 129-133.
@article{cc3d37f93ff94986bc0cb182b4c5354c,
title = "Naturalistically Observed Sighing and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients: A Preliminary Study",
abstract = "Objective: This study tested the degree to which naturalistically observed sighing in daily life is a behavioral indicator of depression and reported physical symptoms (i.e., experienced pain and flare days) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Design: Thirteen RA patients wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an observational ambulatory assessment tool, for two weekends (Friday through Sunday) approximately one month apart. The EAR periodically recorded snippets of ambient sounds from participants' momentary environments (50 s every 18 min). Sighs were coded from the sampled ambient sounds. Main Outcome Measures: Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Pain during the past month was assessed with a 10-cm visual-analog scale, and number of flare days during the prior 6 months was reported. Results: Sighing was significantly and strongly related to patients' levels of depression and nonsignificantly and less strongly related to their reported pain and number of flare days. Conclusion: The findings suggest that sighing can serve as an observable marker of depression in RA patients. Because the sample size was small, the findings should be considered preliminary.",
keywords = "Ambulatory assessment, Ecological momentary assessment, Electronically activated recorder, Emotion",
author = "Robbins, {Megan L.} and Mehl, {Matthias R} and Holleran, {Shannon E.} and Shelley Kasle",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0021558",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "129--133",
journal = "Health Psychology",
issn = "0278-6133",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Naturalistically Observed Sighing and Depression in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

T2 - A Preliminary Study

AU - Robbins, Megan L.

AU - Mehl, Matthias R

AU - Holleran, Shannon E.

AU - Kasle, Shelley

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - Objective: This study tested the degree to which naturalistically observed sighing in daily life is a behavioral indicator of depression and reported physical symptoms (i.e., experienced pain and flare days) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Design: Thirteen RA patients wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an observational ambulatory assessment tool, for two weekends (Friday through Sunday) approximately one month apart. The EAR periodically recorded snippets of ambient sounds from participants' momentary environments (50 s every 18 min). Sighs were coded from the sampled ambient sounds. Main Outcome Measures: Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Pain during the past month was assessed with a 10-cm visual-analog scale, and number of flare days during the prior 6 months was reported. Results: Sighing was significantly and strongly related to patients' levels of depression and nonsignificantly and less strongly related to their reported pain and number of flare days. Conclusion: The findings suggest that sighing can serve as an observable marker of depression in RA patients. Because the sample size was small, the findings should be considered preliminary.

AB - Objective: This study tested the degree to which naturalistically observed sighing in daily life is a behavioral indicator of depression and reported physical symptoms (i.e., experienced pain and flare days) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Design: Thirteen RA patients wore the Electronically Activated Recorder (EAR), an observational ambulatory assessment tool, for two weekends (Friday through Sunday) approximately one month apart. The EAR periodically recorded snippets of ambient sounds from participants' momentary environments (50 s every 18 min). Sighs were coded from the sampled ambient sounds. Main Outcome Measures: Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Pain during the past month was assessed with a 10-cm visual-analog scale, and number of flare days during the prior 6 months was reported. Results: Sighing was significantly and strongly related to patients' levels of depression and nonsignificantly and less strongly related to their reported pain and number of flare days. Conclusion: The findings suggest that sighing can serve as an observable marker of depression in RA patients. Because the sample size was small, the findings should be considered preliminary.

KW - Ambulatory assessment

KW - Ecological momentary assessment

KW - Electronically activated recorder

KW - Emotion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79951570783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79951570783&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0021558

DO - 10.1037/a0021558

M3 - Article

C2 - 21299301

AN - SCOPUS:79951570783

VL - 30

SP - 129

EP - 133

JO - Health Psychology

JF - Health Psychology

SN - 0278-6133

IS - 1

ER -