Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy is associated with adverse outcomes in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic cancer

Hassan Aziz, Muhammad Zeeshan, Tun Jie, Felipe B. Maegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma is emerg-ing as an acceptable therapy option. The effects of neoadjuvant therapy on 30 days' outcomes in patients with pancreatic cancer are not well defined in the literature. NSQIP (2009-2012) was used. Only patients with a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer and those who underwent a Whipple were included in the analysis. Patient who underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy were compared with those who did not receive therapy. Main outcome measures were as follows: complications, ≥2 units of blood transfusions, length of stay, readmission rates, return to the operating room, and 30-day mortality. A total of 1445 patients (395: neoadjuvant chemoradiation and 1050: no neoadjuvant therapy) were identified. The mean age was 67 ± 12 years, and 51 per cent of the patients were male. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy was associated with increase in readmission rates (18% vs 12.2%, P 0.02), unanticipated return to the operating room (2.3% vs 1.1%, P 0.03) with no difference in mortality rates. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy is associated with increase in inhospital complications. These differences in outcomes may be explained by the more advance stage of pancreatic cancer in these subsets of patients. Resource utilization and preoperative rehabilitation are of utmost significance to overcome this rise in complications associated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1276-1280
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume85
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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