Neointimal-specific induction of apoptosis by losartan results in regression of vascular lesion in rat aorta

Jacinthe Lemay, Taben M. Hale, Denis deBlois

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously reported that initiating treatment with the angiotensin II receptor antagonist losartan, prior to and immediately after balloon injury, attenuates neointimal hyperplasia via induction of smooth muscle cell (SMC) apoptosis in the aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The present study examines whether losartan can induce regression of an established neointima. Balloon angioplasty was performed in the aorta of 11 week-old SHR. Five weeks were allowed for neointima formation before rats received placebo or losartan (30 mg/kg/day) for 1 to 4 weeks. Blood pressure was measured by tail cuff plethysmography. Losartan significantly reduced blood pressure (16%) versus placebo within 2 weeks of treatment. In situ labeling with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase among neointimal SMC was transiently increased with losartan (10-fold at 2 weeks; P = 0.004) in correlation with internucleosomal fragmentation of vascular DNA. Accordingly, losartan reversed neointimal hyperplasia by 43% (P = 0.002) and 61% (P = 0.007) at weeks 2 and 4, respectively, and neointimal mass by 63% (P < 0.001) and 75% (P < 0.001) at weeks 2 and 4, respectively, as compared to pre-treatment values. No change in aortic medial hyperplasia or mass was observed during losartan treatment. Taken together, endothelial denudation rendered the underlying media resistant to drug-induced remodeling, while losartan treatment induced vascular lesion regression by inducing apoptosis selectively in neointimal SMC, an effect that may contribute to the reduction of cardiovascular complications in hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume618
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Blood pressure
  • Losartan
  • Vascular injury
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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