Neural Correlates of Response Inhibition in Early Childhood: Evidence From a Go/No-Go Task

Aishah Abdul Rahman, Daniel J. Carroll, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Sandra A. Wiebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined the neural correlates underlying response inhibition in early childhood. Five-year-old children completed a Go/No-go task with or without time pressure (Fast vs. Slow condition) while scalp EEG was recorded. On No-go trials where inhibition was required, the left frontal N2 and posterior P3 were enhanced relative to Go trials. Time pressure was detrimental to behavioral performance and modulated the early-occurring P1 component. The topography of ERPs related to response inhibition differed from patterns typically seen in adults, and may indicate a compensatory mechanism to make up for immature inhibition networks in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-350
Number of pages15
JournalDevelopmental Neuropsychology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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