Neuropsychological correlates of recollection and familiarity in normal aging

Patrick S.R. Davidson, Elizabeth L. Glisky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

The dual-process model of recognition memory proposed by Jacoby (1991; see also Mandler, 1980) postulates the existence of two independent components of recognition memory: a conscious retrieval process (recollection) and an automatic component (familiarity). Older adults appear to be impaired in recollection, but findings with respect to familiarity have been mixed. Studies of the brain bases of these components, using neurological patients, have also been inconclusive. We examined recollection and familiarity, using the process dissociation procedure, in older adults characterized on the basis of both their frontal and their medial temporal lobe function. Findings suggest that only some older adults, depending on their neuropsychological status, are impaired in recollection and/or familiarity: Recollection seems to involve both frontal and medial temporal lobe function, whereas familiarity appears to be dependent only on function associated with the medial temporal lobes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-186
Number of pages13
JournalCognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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