New constraints on the nature of radio emission in sagittarius A

Siming Liu, Fulvio Melia

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Abstract

The millimeter to submillimeter spectrum of Sagittarius A* at the Galactic center, as well as its polarization characteristics, are consistent with the inner ∼10 Schwarzschild radii of a tight Keplerian emitting region of hot, magnetized, orbiting gas. This plasma may also be the source (through self-Comptonization) of the X-rays detected by Chandra. It has long been suspected that the circularization region between the quasi-spherical infall at large radii, and this inner zone, is responsible for producing the rest of Sgr A*'s spectrum. In this Letter, we report the results of a detailed study of this region, with several important conclusions that will be highly relevant to upcoming coordinated multiwavelength observations. First, the combination of existing centimeter and X-ray data preclude the possibility of producing the observed strong 1.36 GHz radio flux via thermal synchrotron within a bounded flow. If Sgr A*'s radio spectrum is produced by accreting gas, it appears that a nonthermal particle distribution is a necessity. This may not be surprising, given that the energy associated with the radial motion is probably dissipated by shocks before the gas circularizes, which can produce the required power-law distribution. Second, if this is the correct picture for how Sgr A*'s spectrum is produced, it appears that the Chandra-detected X-rays may originate either from self-Comptonization in the inner Keplerian region or from optically thin nonthermal synchrotron emission in the much larger circularization zone, extending up to 500 Schwarzschild radii or more. This is a question that should be answered by upcoming broadband observations, since the millimeter bump and X-rays are strongly correlated in the former case, whereas the X-rays are strongly correlated to the centimeter radio flux in the latter. In addition, X-rays produced in the circularized gas could show periodic or quasi-periodic variations but not those produced via nonthermal synchrotron emission much farther out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L77-L80
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume561
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2001

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Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Black hole physics
  • Galaxy: center
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Magnetic fields
  • Radiation mechanisms: nonthermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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