New debris disks around nearby main-sequence stars: Impact on the direct detection of planets

C. A. Beichman, G. Bryden, K. R. Stapelfeldt, T. N. Gautier, K. Grogan, M. Shao, T. Velusamy, S. M. Lawler, M. Blaylock, G. H. Rieke, J. I. Lunine, D. A. Fischer, G. W. Marcy, J. S. Greaves, M. C. Wyatt, W. S. Holland, W. R.F. Dent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using the MIPS instrument on Spitzer, we have searched for infrared excesses around a sample of 82 stars, mostly F, G, and K main-sequence field stars, along with a small number of nearby M stars. These stars were selected for their suitability for future observations by a variety of planet-finding techniques. These observations provide information on the asteroidal and cometary material orbiting these stars, data that can be correlated with any planets that may eventually be found. We have found significant excess 70 μm emission toward 12 stars. Combined with an earlier study, we find an overall 70 μm excess detection rate of 13% ± 3% for mature cool stars. Unlike the trend for planets to be found preferentially toward stars with high metallicity, the incidence of debris disks is uncorrelated with metallicity. By newly identifying four of these stars as having weak 24 μm excesses (fluxes ∼ 10% above the stellar photosphere), we confirm a trend found in earlier studies wherein a weak 24 μm excess is associated with a strong 70 μm excess. Interestingly, we find no evidence for debris disks around 23 stars cooler than K1, a result that is bolstered by a lack of excess around any of the 38 K1-M6 stars in two companion surveys. One motivation for this study is the fact that strong zodiacal emission can make it hard or impossible to detect planets directly with future observatories such as the Terrestrial Planet Finder (TPF). The observations reported here exclude a few stars with very high levels of emission, > 1000 times the emission of our zodiacal cloud, from direct planet searches. For the remainder of the sample, we set relatively high limits on dust emission from asteroid belt counterparts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1674-1693
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume652
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Infrared: stars
  • Kuiper belt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Beichman, C. A., Bryden, G., Stapelfeldt, K. R., Gautier, T. N., Grogan, K., Shao, M., Velusamy, T., Lawler, S. M., Blaylock, M., Rieke, G. H., Lunine, J. I., Fischer, D. A., Marcy, G. W., Greaves, J. S., Wyatt, M. C., Holland, W. S., & Dent, W. R. F. (2006). New debris disks around nearby main-sequence stars: Impact on the direct detection of planets. Astrophysical Journal, 652(2 I), 1674-1693. https://doi.org/10.1086/508449