NEW EXTINCTION AND MASS ESTIMATES OF THE LOW-MASS COMPANION 1RXS 1609 B WITH THE MAGELLAN AO SYSTEM: EVIDENCE OF AN INCLINED DUST DISK

Ya Lin Wu, Laird M. Close, Jared R. Males, Travis S. Barman, Katie M. Morzinski, Katherine B. Follette, Vanessa P. Bailey, Timothy J. Rodigas, Philip Hinz, Alfio Puglisi, Marco Xompero, Runa Briguglio

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used the Magellan adaptive optics system to image the 11 Myr substellar companion 1RXS 1609 B at the bluest wavelengths to date (z′ and Ys). Comparison with synthetic spectra yields a higher temperature than previous studies of Teff = 2000 ± 100 K and significant dust extinction of AV = 4.5+0.5-0.7 mag. Mass estimates based on the DUSTY tracks gives 0.012-0.015 M, making the companion likely a low-mass brown dwarf surrounded by a dusty disk. Our study suggests that 1RXS 1609 B is one of the ∼25% of Upper Scorpius low-mass members harboring disks, and it may have formed like a star and not a planet out at ∼320 AU.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL13
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume807
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Keywords

  • brown dwarfs
  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: individual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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