New insights into eyespot placement and assembly in Chlamydomonas

Joseph S. Boyd, Telsa M. Mittelmeier, Carol L Dieckmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aspects of cellular architecture, such as cytoskeletal asymmetry cues, play critical roles in directing the placement of organelles and establishing the sites of their formation. In the model green alga Chlamydomonas, the photosensory eyespot occupies a defined position in relation to the flagella and microtubule cytoskeleton. Investigations into the cellular mechanisms of eyespot placement and assembly have aided our understanding of the interplay between cytoskeletal and plastid components of the cell. The eyespot, which must be assembled anew after each cell division, is a multilayered organelle consisting of stacks of carotenoid-filled pigment granules in the chloroplast and rhodopsin photoreceptors in the plasma membrane. Placement of the eyespot is determined on both the latitudinal and longitudinal axes of the cell by the daughter four-membered (D4) microtubule rootlet. Recent findings have contributed to the hypothesis that the eyespot photoreceptor molecules are directed from the Golgi to the daughter hemisphere of the cell and trafficked along the D4 microtubule rootlet. EYE2, a chloroplast-envelope protein, forms an elliptical patch together with the photoreceptors and establishes the site for assembly of the pigment granule arrays in the chloroplast, connecting the positioning information of the cytoskeleton to assembly of the pigment granule arrays in the chloroplast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)196-199
Number of pages4
JournalBioarchitecture
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Keywords

  • Asymmetry
  • Chlamydomonas
  • Eyespot
  • Microtubule rootlet
  • Organelle assembly
  • Organelle placement
  • Photoreception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Medicine(all)
  • Cell Biology

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