New isotope technologies in environmental physics

P. P. Povinec, M. Betti, A. J.T. Jull, P. Vojtyla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the levels of radionuclides observed at present in the environment are very low, high sensitive analytical systems are required for carrying out environmental investigations. We review recent progress which has been done in low-level counting techniques in both radiometrics and mass spectrometry sectors, with emphasis on underground laboratories, Monte Carlo (GEANT) simulation of background of HPGe detectors operating in various configurations, secondary ionisation mass spectrometry, and accelerator mass spectrometry. Applications of radiometrics and mass spectrometry techniques in radioecology and climate change studies are presented and discussed as well. The review should help readers in better orientation on recent developments in the field of low-level counting and spectrometry, and to advice on construction principles of underground laboratories, as well as on criteria how to choose low or high energy mass spectrometers for environmental investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-154
Number of pages154
JournalActa Physica Slovaca
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Accelerator mass spectrometry
  • Climate change
  • Depleted uranium
  • GEANT
  • HPGe detectors
  • In situ underwater gamma-spectrometry
  • Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
  • Liquid scintillation spectrometry
  • Low-level counting
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Radioecology
  • Radionuclides
  • Resonance ionisation mass spectrometry
  • Secondary ionisation mass spectrometry
  • Thermal ionisation mass spectrometry
  • Underground laboratory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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