New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals

Robert A Norwood, Hiroshi Sumimura, Savaş Tay, Konstantin Yamnitsky, Alexander Kropachev, Jayan Thomas, Nasser N Peyghambarian, J. H. Moon, Yang Shu, Terje Skotheim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photonic crystals have now started to make the transition from basic to applied research, with new materials systems and device results being published on a frequent basis. While a number of photonic crystals have been made using organic materials, the lack of high index organic materials has impeded their development. We have investigated several novel high index organic systems for use in both 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. 2-D photonic crystal templates were made by a rapid multibeam interference method in the photoresist SU-8, using 532nm laser radiation. These samples, typically on glass, were then infiltrated by a number of methods including from solution and melt, as well through chemical vapor deposition. Solutions of a titanium precursor with a cured refractive index of 2.1 at 633nm were infiltrated and cured in the SU-8 structure, with the infiltrant deposited by both by spin coating and casting. The resulting structure was shown to preserve the six-fold symmetry of the initial photonic crystal and subsequent firing at high temperature effectively removed the SU-8 template. We have also explored the infiltration of nanoamorphous carbon into the photonic crystals using chemical vapor deposition. This material, which is essentially a carbon-silicon ceramic, has exceptional infrared optical properties with a refractive index > 2 for wavelengths beyond 2 μm. The SU-8 polymer template has been shown to survive the CVD deposition process and the resulting infiltrated structure also preserves the initial PC symmetry. A series of metal-like PCs with a full range of properties is enabled by the ability to dope the nanoamorphous carbon with metals that possess exceptional refractive indices in the infrared regions of interest. We have also investigated the potential for nonlinear optical devices based upon azobenzene copolymer infiltrated silicon PCs and demonstrate the excellent properties of this material with respect to all-optical effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6331
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
EventLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VI - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 15 2006Aug 17 2006

Other

OtherLinear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VI
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period8/15/068/17/06

Fingerprint

Photonic crystals
photonics
crystals
Chemical vapor deposition
Refractive index
templates
vapor deposition
refractivity
organic materials
Carbon
carbon
Infrared radiation
Silicon
Azobenzene
Crystal symmetry
Spin coating
symmetry
silicon
infiltration
Photoresists

Keywords

  • Azobenzene
  • High index materials
  • Infiltration
  • Nanoamorphous carbon
  • Photonic crystals
  • Titanium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Norwood, R. A., Sumimura, H., Tay, S., Yamnitsky, K., Kropachev, A., Thomas, J., ... Skotheim, T. (2006). New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 6331). [63310A] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.684056

New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. / Norwood, Robert A; Sumimura, Hiroshi; Tay, Savaş; Yamnitsky, Konstantin; Kropachev, Alexander; Thomas, Jayan; Peyghambarian, Nasser N; Moon, J. H.; Shu, Yang; Skotheim, Terje.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6331 2006. 63310A.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Norwood, RA, Sumimura, H, Tay, S, Yamnitsky, K, Kropachev, A, Thomas, J, Peyghambarian, NN, Moon, JH, Shu, Y & Skotheim, T 2006, New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 6331, 63310A, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials VI, San Diego, CA, United States, 8/15/06. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.684056
Norwood RA, Sumimura H, Tay S, Yamnitsky K, Kropachev A, Thomas J et al. New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6331. 2006. 63310A https://doi.org/10.1117/12.684056
Norwood, Robert A ; Sumimura, Hiroshi ; Tay, Savaş ; Yamnitsky, Konstantin ; Kropachev, Alexander ; Thomas, Jayan ; Peyghambarian, Nasser N ; Moon, J. H. ; Shu, Yang ; Skotheim, Terje. / New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 6331 2006.
@inproceedings{fb5349d72b9d49ff9dddc8258832be27,
title = "New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals",
abstract = "Photonic crystals have now started to make the transition from basic to applied research, with new materials systems and device results being published on a frequent basis. While a number of photonic crystals have been made using organic materials, the lack of high index organic materials has impeded their development. We have investigated several novel high index organic systems for use in both 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. 2-D photonic crystal templates were made by a rapid multibeam interference method in the photoresist SU-8, using 532nm laser radiation. These samples, typically on glass, were then infiltrated by a number of methods including from solution and melt, as well through chemical vapor deposition. Solutions of a titanium precursor with a cured refractive index of 2.1 at 633nm were infiltrated and cured in the SU-8 structure, with the infiltrant deposited by both by spin coating and casting. The resulting structure was shown to preserve the six-fold symmetry of the initial photonic crystal and subsequent firing at high temperature effectively removed the SU-8 template. We have also explored the infiltration of nanoamorphous carbon into the photonic crystals using chemical vapor deposition. This material, which is essentially a carbon-silicon ceramic, has exceptional infrared optical properties with a refractive index > 2 for wavelengths beyond 2 μm. The SU-8 polymer template has been shown to survive the CVD deposition process and the resulting infiltrated structure also preserves the initial PC symmetry. A series of metal-like PCs with a full range of properties is enabled by the ability to dope the nanoamorphous carbon with metals that possess exceptional refractive indices in the infrared regions of interest. We have also investigated the potential for nonlinear optical devices based upon azobenzene copolymer infiltrated silicon PCs and demonstrate the excellent properties of this material with respect to all-optical effects.",
keywords = "Azobenzene, High index materials, Infiltration, Nanoamorphous carbon, Photonic crystals, Titanium dioxide",
author = "Norwood, {Robert A} and Hiroshi Sumimura and Savaş Tay and Konstantin Yamnitsky and Alexander Kropachev and Jayan Thomas and Peyghambarian, {Nasser N} and Moon, {J. H.} and Yang Shu and Terje Skotheim",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1117/12.684056",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0819464104",
volume = "6331",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - New organic infiltrants for 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals

AU - Norwood, Robert A

AU - Sumimura, Hiroshi

AU - Tay, Savaş

AU - Yamnitsky, Konstantin

AU - Kropachev, Alexander

AU - Thomas, Jayan

AU - Peyghambarian, Nasser N

AU - Moon, J. H.

AU - Shu, Yang

AU - Skotheim, Terje

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Photonic crystals have now started to make the transition from basic to applied research, with new materials systems and device results being published on a frequent basis. While a number of photonic crystals have been made using organic materials, the lack of high index organic materials has impeded their development. We have investigated several novel high index organic systems for use in both 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. 2-D photonic crystal templates were made by a rapid multibeam interference method in the photoresist SU-8, using 532nm laser radiation. These samples, typically on glass, were then infiltrated by a number of methods including from solution and melt, as well through chemical vapor deposition. Solutions of a titanium precursor with a cured refractive index of 2.1 at 633nm were infiltrated and cured in the SU-8 structure, with the infiltrant deposited by both by spin coating and casting. The resulting structure was shown to preserve the six-fold symmetry of the initial photonic crystal and subsequent firing at high temperature effectively removed the SU-8 template. We have also explored the infiltration of nanoamorphous carbon into the photonic crystals using chemical vapor deposition. This material, which is essentially a carbon-silicon ceramic, has exceptional infrared optical properties with a refractive index > 2 for wavelengths beyond 2 μm. The SU-8 polymer template has been shown to survive the CVD deposition process and the resulting infiltrated structure also preserves the initial PC symmetry. A series of metal-like PCs with a full range of properties is enabled by the ability to dope the nanoamorphous carbon with metals that possess exceptional refractive indices in the infrared regions of interest. We have also investigated the potential for nonlinear optical devices based upon azobenzene copolymer infiltrated silicon PCs and demonstrate the excellent properties of this material with respect to all-optical effects.

AB - Photonic crystals have now started to make the transition from basic to applied research, with new materials systems and device results being published on a frequent basis. While a number of photonic crystals have been made using organic materials, the lack of high index organic materials has impeded their development. We have investigated several novel high index organic systems for use in both 2-D and 3-D photonic crystals. 2-D photonic crystal templates were made by a rapid multibeam interference method in the photoresist SU-8, using 532nm laser radiation. These samples, typically on glass, were then infiltrated by a number of methods including from solution and melt, as well through chemical vapor deposition. Solutions of a titanium precursor with a cured refractive index of 2.1 at 633nm were infiltrated and cured in the SU-8 structure, with the infiltrant deposited by both by spin coating and casting. The resulting structure was shown to preserve the six-fold symmetry of the initial photonic crystal and subsequent firing at high temperature effectively removed the SU-8 template. We have also explored the infiltration of nanoamorphous carbon into the photonic crystals using chemical vapor deposition. This material, which is essentially a carbon-silicon ceramic, has exceptional infrared optical properties with a refractive index > 2 for wavelengths beyond 2 μm. The SU-8 polymer template has been shown to survive the CVD deposition process and the resulting infiltrated structure also preserves the initial PC symmetry. A series of metal-like PCs with a full range of properties is enabled by the ability to dope the nanoamorphous carbon with metals that possess exceptional refractive indices in the infrared regions of interest. We have also investigated the potential for nonlinear optical devices based upon azobenzene copolymer infiltrated silicon PCs and demonstrate the excellent properties of this material with respect to all-optical effects.

KW - Azobenzene

KW - High index materials

KW - Infiltration

KW - Nanoamorphous carbon

KW - Photonic crystals

KW - Titanium dioxide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33751423046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33751423046&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.684056

DO - 10.1117/12.684056

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:33751423046

SN - 0819464104

SN - 9780819464101

VL - 6331

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

ER -