New perspectives on the use of GPS and GIS to support a highway performance study

Daoqin Tong, Carolyn J. Merry, Benjamin Coifman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent decades, rapid growth of travel volume has resulted in a significant increase in traffic congestion, accidents, environmental pollution and energy consumption. Accurate traffic data are drastically needed for effective evaluation of traffic systems in order to alleviate the impacts of increasing travel volume of the quality of life and economic development of urban areas. This article provides a discussion on a data acquisition methodology for highway traffic pattern recognition and congestion analysis by integrating data from the global positioning system (GPS) with a geographic information system (GIS). The GPS technology is a powerful tool in capturing continuous positioning and timing information, whereas the GIS is capable of storing, managing, manipulating, analyzing and displaying the acquired spatial information. Compared to previous studies, the effective integration of the two technologies allows for traffic analysis to be conducted at a finer resolution. The proposed method is illustrated with a case study on multiple major highway segments in Columbus, Ohio.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-85
Number of pages17
JournalTransactions in GIS
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

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Keywords

  • GIS
  • GPS
  • Highway congestion
  • Highway modeling
  • Traffic data collection
  • Traffic study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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