New Spatially Resolved Imaging of the SR 21 Transition Disk and Constraints on the Small-grain Disk Geometry

S. Sallum, A. J. Skemer, J. A. Eisner, N. Van Der Marel, P. D. Sheehan, L. M. Close, M. J. Ireland, J. M. Males, K. M. Morzinski, V. P. Bailey, R. Briguglio, A. Puglisi

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present new 0.6-4 μm imaging of the SR 21 transition disk from Keck/NIRC2 and Magellan/MagAO. The protoplanetary disk around SR 21 has a large (∼30-40 au) clearing first inferred from its spectral energy distribution and later detected in submillimeter imaging. Both the gas and small dust grains are known to have a different morphology, with an inner truncation in CO at ∼7 au, and micron-sized dust detected within the millimeter clearing. Previous near-infrared imaging could not distinguish between an inner dust disk with a truncation at ∼7 au or one that extended to the sublimation radius. The imaging data presented here require an inner dust disk radius of a few au, and complex structure such as a warp or spiral. We present a parametric warped disk model that can reproduce the observations. Reconciling the images with the spectral energy distribution gathered from the literature suggests grain growth to ⪆2-5 μm within the submillimeter clearing. The complex disk structure and possible grain growth can be connected to dynamical shaping by a giant-planet-mass companion, a scenario supported by previous observational and theoretical studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume883
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Sallum, S., Skemer, A. J., Eisner, J. A., Van Der Marel, N., Sheehan, P. D., Close, L. M., Ireland, M. J., Males, J. M., Morzinski, K. M., Bailey, V. P., Briguglio, R., & Puglisi, A. (2019). New Spatially Resolved Imaging of the SR 21 Transition Disk and Constraints on the Small-grain Disk Geometry. Astrophysical Journal, 883(1), [100]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab3dae