Viscoelastic properties of glass within molding temperatures, such as shear relaxation modulus and bulk relaxation modulus, are key factors to build successful numerical model, predict forming process, and determine optimal process parameters for precision glass molding. However, traditional uniaxial compression creep tests with large strains are very limited in obtaining high-accuracy viscoelastic data of glass, due to the declining compressive stress caused by the increasing cross-sectional area of specimen in testing process. Besides, existing calculation method has limitation in transforming creep data to viscoelasticity data, especially when Poisson’s ratio is unknown at molding temperature, which further induces a block to characterize viscoelastic parameter. This study proposes a systematic acquisition method for high-precision viscoelastic data, including creep testing, viscoelasticity calculation, and finite element verification. A minimal uniaxial creep testing (MUCT) method based on thermo-mechanical analysis (TMA) instrument is first built to obtain ideal and accurate creep data, by keeping compressive stress as a constant. A new calculation method on viscoelasticity determination is then proposed to derive shear relaxation modulus without the need of knowing bulk modulus or Poisson’s ratio, which, compared with traditional method, extends the application range of viscoelasticity calculation. After determination, the obtained viscoelastic data are further incorporated into a numerical simulation model of MUCT to verify the accuracy of the determined viscoelasticity. Base on the great consistence between simulated and measured results (uniaxial creep displacement), the proposed systematic acquisition method can be used as a high accuracy viscoelasticity determination method.
- Creep testing
- Relaxation modulus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics