NExtUP: The Normal-incidence Extreme Ultraviolet Photometer

Jeremy J. Drake, Peter Cheimets, Cecilia Garraffo, Bradford Wargelin, Allison Youngblood, Vinay L. Kashyap, Paola Testa, David Caldwell, James Mason, Brian Fleming, Kevin France, Scott Wolk, Oswald Siegmund, Tommi Koskinen, Julian Alvarado-Gomez, Maria Mercedes Lopez-Morales, Guillaume Gronoff, Jay Bookbinder, Martin Barstow, David WindtRandy Gladstone, Christopher Loghry, Rix Yarbrough

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Normal-incidence Extreme Ultraviolet Photometer (NExtUP) is a smallsat mission concept designed to measure the EUV radiation conditions of exoplanet host stars, and F-M type stars in general. EUV radiation is absorbed at high altitude in a planetary atmosphere, in the exosphere and upper thermosphere, where the gas can be readily heated to escape temperatures. EUV heating and ionization are the dominant atmospheric loss drivers during most of a planets life. There are only a handful of accurately measured EUV stellar fluxes, all dating from Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) observations in the †90s. Consequently, current models of stellar EUV emission are uncertain by more than an order of magnitude and dominate uncertainties in planetary atmospheric loss models. NExtUP will use periodic and aperiodic multilayers on off-Axis parabolic mirrors and a prime focus microchannel plate detector to image stars in 5 bandpasses between 150 and 900°A down to flux limits two orders of magnitude lower than reached by EUVE. NExtUP may also accomplish a compelling array of secondary science goals, including using line-of-sight absorption measurements to understand the structure of the local interstellar medium, and imaging EUV emission from energetic processes on solar system objects at unprecedented spatial resolution. NExtUP is well within smallsat weight limits, requires no special orbital conditions, and would be flown on a spacecraft supplied by MOOG Industries. It draws on decades of mission heritage expertise at SAO and LASP, including similar instruments successfully launched and operated to observe the Sun.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XXII
EditorsOswald H. Siegmund
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510644809
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XXII 2021 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 1 2021Aug 5 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11821
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Space Instrumentation for Astronomy XXII 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/1/218/5/21

Keywords

  • EUV
  • EUV detectors
  • EUV optics
  • Exoplanets
  • Flares
  • MCPs
  • SmallSat
  • Space Missions
  • Stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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