NHE8 plays an important role in mucosal protection via its effect on bacterial adhesion

Chang Liu, Hua Xu, Bo Zhang, Malin E.V. Johansson, Jing Li, Gunnar C. Hansson, Fayez K. Ghishan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Na+/H+ exchanger NHE8 is expressed on the apical membrane of intestinal epithelial cells and is particularly abundant in the colon. Our previous study showed that Muc2 expression was significantly reduced in NHE8-knockout (NHE8-/-) mice, suggesting that NHE8 plays a role in mucosal protection in the colon. The current study confirms and extends our studies on the role of NHE8 in mucosal protection. The number of bacteria attached on the distal colon was significantly increased in NHE8-/- mice compared with their wild-type littermates. As expected, IL-4 expression was markedly increased in NHE8-/- mice compared with wild-type mice. Immunohistochemistry showed disorganization in the mucin layer of NHE8-/- mice, suggesting a possible direct bacteria-epithelia interaction. Furthermore, NHE8-/- mice were susceptible to dextran sodium sulfate-induced mucosal injury. In wild-type mice, dextran sodium sulfate treatment inhibited colonic NHE8 expression. In Caco-2 cells, the absence of NHE8 expression resulted in higher adhesion rates of Salmonella typhimurium but not Lactobacillus plantarum. Similarly, in vivo, S. typhimurium adhesion rate was increased in NHE8-/- mice compared with wild-type mice. Our study suggests that NHE8 plays important roles in protecting intestinal epithelia from infectious bacterial adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C121-C128
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume305
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Mucosal layer
  • NHE8
  • Salmonella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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