Nitrate pollution control in different soils by electrokinetic technology

X. Jia, D. L. Larson, W. S. Zimmt, James L Walworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies found that a small DC electrical current could attract onions to the anode in sandy soil, even with solute flow towards the cathode. Laboratory experiments were conducted in a vertical, partially saturated column with different soils to determine if nitrate transport could similarly be controlled using electrokinetic (EK) technology. Nitrate concentration, pH value, electrical potential difference, and soil water content were measured for three soils at selected times at different distances from the anode. Constant electrical current was applied to the system for 9 h, and measurements continued for a total of 48 h. The results demonstrated that nitrate can be strongly retained near the anode against gravity in sandy soil with an 80 mA (0.5 mA/cm2) current input. When the percentage of clay in the soil was increased, the EK effect on ion movement decreased; the transport of both ions and water were inhibited by fine clay particles. The loamy soil showed a slight increase in nitrate concentration near the anode, but the clayey soil showed no change. An increase in pH near the cathode was seen in all soils. Water content for sandy soil was higher at the bottom of the column and lower at the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the lowest water content was found above the cathode near the bottom of the column. Electrical potential difference between the two electrodes showed that the sandy soil required the highest electrical potential difference to obtain the desired current level; loamy and clayey soils required less. For sandy soil, the highest potential difference was found near the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the highest electrical potential difference was measured near the bottom, next to the cathode, suggesting that these locations were the critical zones limiting electrical ion transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1343-1352
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Volume48
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2005

Fingerprint

Pollution control
pollution control
clay soils
Nitrates
sandy soils
loam soils
Soil
nitrates
nitrate
Technology
sandy soil
Soils
electric current
Electrodes
ion transport
soil
water content
loam
clay soil
ion

Keywords

  • Electric potential
  • Electrokinetic
  • Nitrate control
  • pH
  • Water content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Nitrate pollution control in different soils by electrokinetic technology. / Jia, X.; Larson, D. L.; Zimmt, W. S.; Walworth, James L.

In: Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 48, No. 4, 07.2005, p. 1343-1352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d75fec2cc94a4dbd9b8c9b92d6777417,
title = "Nitrate pollution control in different soils by electrokinetic technology",
abstract = "Previous studies found that a small DC electrical current could attract onions to the anode in sandy soil, even with solute flow towards the cathode. Laboratory experiments were conducted in a vertical, partially saturated column with different soils to determine if nitrate transport could similarly be controlled using electrokinetic (EK) technology. Nitrate concentration, pH value, electrical potential difference, and soil water content were measured for three soils at selected times at different distances from the anode. Constant electrical current was applied to the system for 9 h, and measurements continued for a total of 48 h. The results demonstrated that nitrate can be strongly retained near the anode against gravity in sandy soil with an 80 mA (0.5 mA/cm2) current input. When the percentage of clay in the soil was increased, the EK effect on ion movement decreased; the transport of both ions and water were inhibited by fine clay particles. The loamy soil showed a slight increase in nitrate concentration near the anode, but the clayey soil showed no change. An increase in pH near the cathode was seen in all soils. Water content for sandy soil was higher at the bottom of the column and lower at the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the lowest water content was found above the cathode near the bottom of the column. Electrical potential difference between the two electrodes showed that the sandy soil required the highest electrical potential difference to obtain the desired current level; loamy and clayey soils required less. For sandy soil, the highest potential difference was found near the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the highest electrical potential difference was measured near the bottom, next to the cathode, suggesting that these locations were the critical zones limiting electrical ion transport.",
keywords = "Electric potential, Electrokinetic, Nitrate control, pH, Water content",
author = "X. Jia and Larson, {D. L.} and Zimmt, {W. S.} and Walworth, {James L}",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "48",
pages = "1343--1352",
journal = "Transactions of the ASABE",
issn = "2151-0032",
publisher = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nitrate pollution control in different soils by electrokinetic technology

AU - Jia, X.

AU - Larson, D. L.

AU - Zimmt, W. S.

AU - Walworth, James L

PY - 2005/7

Y1 - 2005/7

N2 - Previous studies found that a small DC electrical current could attract onions to the anode in sandy soil, even with solute flow towards the cathode. Laboratory experiments were conducted in a vertical, partially saturated column with different soils to determine if nitrate transport could similarly be controlled using electrokinetic (EK) technology. Nitrate concentration, pH value, electrical potential difference, and soil water content were measured for three soils at selected times at different distances from the anode. Constant electrical current was applied to the system for 9 h, and measurements continued for a total of 48 h. The results demonstrated that nitrate can be strongly retained near the anode against gravity in sandy soil with an 80 mA (0.5 mA/cm2) current input. When the percentage of clay in the soil was increased, the EK effect on ion movement decreased; the transport of both ions and water were inhibited by fine clay particles. The loamy soil showed a slight increase in nitrate concentration near the anode, but the clayey soil showed no change. An increase in pH near the cathode was seen in all soils. Water content for sandy soil was higher at the bottom of the column and lower at the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the lowest water content was found above the cathode near the bottom of the column. Electrical potential difference between the two electrodes showed that the sandy soil required the highest electrical potential difference to obtain the desired current level; loamy and clayey soils required less. For sandy soil, the highest potential difference was found near the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the highest electrical potential difference was measured near the bottom, next to the cathode, suggesting that these locations were the critical zones limiting electrical ion transport.

AB - Previous studies found that a small DC electrical current could attract onions to the anode in sandy soil, even with solute flow towards the cathode. Laboratory experiments were conducted in a vertical, partially saturated column with different soils to determine if nitrate transport could similarly be controlled using electrokinetic (EK) technology. Nitrate concentration, pH value, electrical potential difference, and soil water content were measured for three soils at selected times at different distances from the anode. Constant electrical current was applied to the system for 9 h, and measurements continued for a total of 48 h. The results demonstrated that nitrate can be strongly retained near the anode against gravity in sandy soil with an 80 mA (0.5 mA/cm2) current input. When the percentage of clay in the soil was increased, the EK effect on ion movement decreased; the transport of both ions and water were inhibited by fine clay particles. The loamy soil showed a slight increase in nitrate concentration near the anode, but the clayey soil showed no change. An increase in pH near the cathode was seen in all soils. Water content for sandy soil was higher at the bottom of the column and lower at the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the lowest water content was found above the cathode near the bottom of the column. Electrical potential difference between the two electrodes showed that the sandy soil required the highest electrical potential difference to obtain the desired current level; loamy and clayey soils required less. For sandy soil, the highest potential difference was found near the top of the column, but for loam and clay soils, the highest electrical potential difference was measured near the bottom, next to the cathode, suggesting that these locations were the critical zones limiting electrical ion transport.

KW - Electric potential

KW - Electrokinetic

KW - Nitrate control

KW - pH

KW - Water content

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=26844525151&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=26844525151&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:26844525151

VL - 48

SP - 1343

EP - 1352

JO - Transactions of the ASABE

JF - Transactions of the ASABE

SN - 2151-0032

IS - 4

ER -