Nitric oxide (NO) is administered via infusion of donors such as nitroglycerin or in inhaled form for treatment of ischemia and pulmonary hypertension, respectively. In rabbits, the NO donor, DETANONOate, decreases whole blood clotting function as assessed by thromboelastographic variables (R, reaction time; α, angle; and G, a measure of clot strength). I hypothesized that DETANONOate-derived NO would adversely affect coagulation protein and platelet function. Blood obtained from ear arteries of conscious rabbits (n = 8) anticoagulated with sodium citrate. The blood was then incubated with 0 or 10mM DETANONOate for 30 min. After incubation and recalcification, thromboelastography was performed for 60 min under four conditions: 1) 0mM DETANONOate, 2) 0mM DETANONOate with platelet inhibition with cytochalasin D, 3) 10mM DETANONOate, and 4) 10mM DETANONOate with platelet inhibition. DETANONOate significantly (P < 0.05) increased R and decreased α and G in samples with or without platelet inhibition, compared with samples not exposed to DETANONOate. Lastly, the percentage of total G (GT) attributable to platelet function (GP) was significantly more in the absence of DETANONOate (GP = 92.3% ± 1.6%; mean ± SD) than after exposure to DETANONOate (GP = 90.2% ± 2.3%). DETANONOate-derived NO significantly decreased coagulation protein function and platelet function. Coagulation protein function may be similarly affected in clinical situations involving the administration of NO or NO donors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine