Nitrous oxide flux from soil amino acid mineralization

Jean E T Mclain, Dean A. Martens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas produced during microbial transformation of soil N that has been implicated in global climate warming. Nitrous oxide efflux from N fertilized soils has been modeled using NO3- content with a limited success, but predicting N 2O production in non-fertilized soils has proven to be much more complex. The present study investigates the contribution of soil amino acid (AA) mineralization to N2O flux from semi-arid soils. In laboratory incubations (-34 kPa moisture potential), soil mineralization of eleven AAs (100 μg AA-N g-1 soil) promoted a wide range in the production of N2O (156.0±79.3 ng N2O-N g-1 soil) during 12 d incubations. Comparison of the δ13C content (‰) of the individual AAs and the δ13C signature of the respired AA-CO2-C determined that, with the exception of TYR, all of the AAs were completely mineralized during incubations, allowing for the calculation of a N2O-N conversion rate from each AA. Next, soils from three different semi-arid vegetation ecosystems with a wide range in total N content were incubated and monitored for CO2 and N2O efflux. A model utilizing CO2 respired from the three soils as a measure of organic matter C mineralization, a preincubation soil AA composition of each soil, and the N2O-N conversion rate from the AA incubations effectively predicted the range of N2O production by all three soils. Nitrous oxide flux did not correspond to factors shown to influence anaerobic denitrification, including soil NO3- contents, soil moisture, oxygen consumption, and CO2 respiration, suggesting that nitrification and aerobic nitrifier denitrification could be contributing to N2O production in these soils. Results indicate that quantification of AA mineralization may be useful for predicting N2O production in soils.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-299
Number of pages11
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nitrous Oxide
nitrous oxide
mineralization
Soil
amino acid
Fluxes
Soils
Amino Acids
amino acids
soil
incubation
Denitrification
carbon dioxide
denitrification
semiarid soils
Global Warming
Nitrification
Soil moisture
greenhouse gases
cell respiration

Keywords

  • Greenhouse gas
  • N Cycling
  • Nitrifier denitrification
  • Nitrous oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Ecology

Cite this

Nitrous oxide flux from soil amino acid mineralization. / Mclain, Jean E T; Martens, Dean A.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 37, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 289-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Nitrous oxide (N2O) is a greenhouse gas produced during microbial transformation of soil N that has been implicated in global climate warming. Nitrous oxide efflux from N fertilized soils has been modeled using NO3- content with a limited success, but predicting N 2O production in non-fertilized soils has proven to be much more complex. The present study investigates the contribution of soil amino acid (AA) mineralization to N2O flux from semi-arid soils. In laboratory incubations (-34 kPa moisture potential), soil mineralization of eleven AAs (100 μg AA-N g-1 soil) promoted a wide range in the production of N2O (156.0±79.3 ng N2O-N g-1 soil) during 12 d incubations. Comparison of the δ13C content (‰) of the individual AAs and the δ13C signature of the respired AA-CO2-C determined that, with the exception of TYR, all of the AAs were completely mineralized during incubations, allowing for the calculation of a N2O-N conversion rate from each AA. Next, soils from three different semi-arid vegetation ecosystems with a wide range in total N content were incubated and monitored for CO2 and N2O efflux. A model utilizing CO2 respired from the three soils as a measure of organic matter C mineralization, a preincubation soil AA composition of each soil, and the N2O-N conversion rate from the AA incubations effectively predicted the range of N2O production by all three soils. Nitrous oxide flux did not correspond to factors shown to influence anaerobic denitrification, including soil NO3- contents, soil moisture, oxygen consumption, and CO2 respiration, suggesting that nitrification and aerobic nitrifier denitrification could be contributing to N2O production in these soils. Results indicate that quantification of AA mineralization may be useful for predicting N2O production in soils.",
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