The 1S0, 3S1, and 3D1 nucleon-nucleon scattering phase shifts are calculated at next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) in an effective field theory. Predictions for the 1P1, 3P0,1,2, 1D2, and 3D2,3 phase shifts at this order are also compared with data. The calculations treat pions perturbatively and include the NNLO contributions from order Qr3 and Qr4 radiation pion graphs. In the 3S1, 3D1 and 3P0,2 channels we find large disagreement with the Nijmegen partial-wave analysis at NNLO. These spin triplet channels have large corrections from graphs with two potential pion exchange which do not vanish in the chiral limit. We compare our results to calculations within the Weinberg approach, and find that in some spin triplet channels the summation of potential pion diagrams seems to be necessary to reproduce the observed phase shifts. In the spin singlet channels the nonperturbative treatment of potential pions does not afford a significant improvement over the perturbative approach.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics