We present ALMA band 8 observations of the [O III] 88µm line and the underlying thermal infrared continuum emission in the z=6.08 quasar CFHQS J2100–1715 and its dust–obscured starburst companion galaxy (projected distance: ∼60 kpc). Each galaxy hosts dust–obscured star formation at rates > 100 M⊙ yr−1, but only the quasar shows evidence for an accreting 109 M⊙ black hole. Therefore we can compare the properties of the interstellar medium in distinct galactic environments in two physically associated objects, ∼1 Gyr after the Big Bang. Bright [O III] 88µm emission from ionized gas is detected in both systems; the positions and line–widths are consistent with earlier [C II] measurements, indicating that both lines trace the same gravitational potential on galactic scales. The [O III] 88µm/FIR luminosity ratios in both sources fall in the upper range observed in local luminous infrared galaxies of similar dust temperature, although the ratio of the quasar is smaller than in the companion. This suggests that gas ionization by the quasar (expected to lead to strong optical [O III] 5008 Å emission) does not dominantly determine the quasar’s FIR [O III] 88µm luminosity. Both the inferred number of photons needed for the creation of O++ and the typical line ratios can be accounted for without invoking extreme (top–heavy) stellar initial mass functions in the starbursts of both sources.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Nov 30 2018|
- Galaxies: high-redshift
- Galaxies: ISM
- Quasars: emission lines
- Quasars: general
ASJC Scopus subject areas