The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of administration of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) on lung neutrophil accumulation and pulmonary vascular endothelial cell function in endotoxin-induced acute lung injury. Mechanically ventilated rats were studied 4 hr after endotoxin (0.5 mg/kg IP). Inhaled NO (20 ppm) was administered for either the entire 4 hr after endotoxin (continuous group) or for only the first 2 of 4 hr after endotoxin (abbreviated group). Endothelial-dependent (acetylcholine, ACh) and - independent cGMP-mediated relaxation (nitroprusside, SNP) pulmonary vasorelaxation were studied in isolated pulmonary arterial rings. Lung neutrophil accumulation was determined by myeloperoxidase assay (MPO). Inhaled NO prevented endotoxin-induced lung neutrophil accumulation as well as pulmonary endothelial cell dysfunction. However, this protection required continuous administration of inhaled NO. We conclude that inhaled NO prevents neutrophil-mediated pulmonary vascular endothelial cell dysfunction in acute lung injury.
ASJC Scopus subject areas