Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the noise properties of SPECT images reconstructed with the attenuation correction methods of Bellini, Chang, and Tretiak and Metz. The general model for the image covariance matrix can be described by two terms, the first representing object variability, the second representing the object-dependent quantum noise. The model assumes the reconstruction operation is non-iterative and linear, and the noise in the projection data is nonstationary. All aspects of digital reconstruction are included in the model. The three attenuation correction methods are tested to demonstrate the noise character of SPECT images for a uniformly emitting and attenuating disk. In addition, image quality assessment is performed for the task of detecting a cold signal on a uniformly emitting and attenuating circular background. Comparing the local noise power spectrums for various pixel locations, it is shown that image noise is both globally and locally nonstationary for all three methods, except for a small, uniform region near the center of the disk. It is also seen that the noise properties of all three methods are similar in this region. The method of Tretiak-Metz increases the noise variance at the edge of the disk, whereas it is reduced with the Bellini and Chang methods. Finally, the ideal, nonprewhitening, and region-of-interest observers are shown to be invariant across reconstruction method, however the human observer performs better with the Bellini attenuation correction method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference
PublisherPubl by IEEE
Pages1409-1413
Number of pages5
Editionpt 3
ISBN (Print)0780314875
StatePublished - 1994
EventProceedings of the 1993 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference - San Francisco, CA, USA
Duration: Oct 30 1993Nov 6 1993

Other

OtherProceedings of the 1993 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference
CitySan Francisco, CA, USA
Period10/30/9311/6/93

Fingerprint

Quantum noise
Covariance matrix
Power spectrum
Image quality
Pixels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Soares, E. J., Barrett, H. H., & Krupinski, E. A. (1994). Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT. In IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference (pt 3 ed., pp. 1409-1413). Publ by IEEE.

Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT. / Soares, Edward J.; Barrett, Harrison H; Krupinski, Elizabeth A.

IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference. pt 3. ed. Publ by IEEE, 1994. p. 1409-1413.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Soares, EJ, Barrett, HH & Krupinski, EA 1994, Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT. in IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference. pt 3 edn, Publ by IEEE, pp. 1409-1413, Proceedings of the 1993 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, 10/30/93.
Soares EJ, Barrett HH, Krupinski EA. Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT. In IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference. pt 3 ed. Publ by IEEE. 1994. p. 1409-1413
Soares, Edward J. ; Barrett, Harrison H ; Krupinski, Elizabeth A. / Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference. pt 3. ed. Publ by IEEE, 1994. pp. 1409-1413
@inproceedings{02ddb92800c24120a87bc516b3214cbe,
title = "Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT",
abstract = "This paper investigates the noise properties of SPECT images reconstructed with the attenuation correction methods of Bellini, Chang, and Tretiak and Metz. The general model for the image covariance matrix can be described by two terms, the first representing object variability, the second representing the object-dependent quantum noise. The model assumes the reconstruction operation is non-iterative and linear, and the noise in the projection data is nonstationary. All aspects of digital reconstruction are included in the model. The three attenuation correction methods are tested to demonstrate the noise character of SPECT images for a uniformly emitting and attenuating disk. In addition, image quality assessment is performed for the task of detecting a cold signal on a uniformly emitting and attenuating circular background. Comparing the local noise power spectrums for various pixel locations, it is shown that image noise is both globally and locally nonstationary for all three methods, except for a small, uniform region near the center of the disk. It is also seen that the noise properties of all three methods are similar in this region. The method of Tretiak-Metz increases the noise variance at the edge of the disk, whereas it is reduced with the Bellini and Chang methods. Finally, the ideal, nonprewhitening, and region-of-interest observers are shown to be invariant across reconstruction method, however the human observer performs better with the Bellini attenuation correction method.",
author = "Soares, {Edward J.} and Barrett, {Harrison H} and Krupinski, {Elizabeth A}",
year = "1994",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0780314875",
pages = "1409--1413",
booktitle = "IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference",
publisher = "Publ by IEEE",
edition = "pt 3",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Noise properties of attenuation correction methods for SPECT

AU - Soares, Edward J.

AU - Barrett, Harrison H

AU - Krupinski, Elizabeth A

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - This paper investigates the noise properties of SPECT images reconstructed with the attenuation correction methods of Bellini, Chang, and Tretiak and Metz. The general model for the image covariance matrix can be described by two terms, the first representing object variability, the second representing the object-dependent quantum noise. The model assumes the reconstruction operation is non-iterative and linear, and the noise in the projection data is nonstationary. All aspects of digital reconstruction are included in the model. The three attenuation correction methods are tested to demonstrate the noise character of SPECT images for a uniformly emitting and attenuating disk. In addition, image quality assessment is performed for the task of detecting a cold signal on a uniformly emitting and attenuating circular background. Comparing the local noise power spectrums for various pixel locations, it is shown that image noise is both globally and locally nonstationary for all three methods, except for a small, uniform region near the center of the disk. It is also seen that the noise properties of all three methods are similar in this region. The method of Tretiak-Metz increases the noise variance at the edge of the disk, whereas it is reduced with the Bellini and Chang methods. Finally, the ideal, nonprewhitening, and region-of-interest observers are shown to be invariant across reconstruction method, however the human observer performs better with the Bellini attenuation correction method.

AB - This paper investigates the noise properties of SPECT images reconstructed with the attenuation correction methods of Bellini, Chang, and Tretiak and Metz. The general model for the image covariance matrix can be described by two terms, the first representing object variability, the second representing the object-dependent quantum noise. The model assumes the reconstruction operation is non-iterative and linear, and the noise in the projection data is nonstationary. All aspects of digital reconstruction are included in the model. The three attenuation correction methods are tested to demonstrate the noise character of SPECT images for a uniformly emitting and attenuating disk. In addition, image quality assessment is performed for the task of detecting a cold signal on a uniformly emitting and attenuating circular background. Comparing the local noise power spectrums for various pixel locations, it is shown that image noise is both globally and locally nonstationary for all three methods, except for a small, uniform region near the center of the disk. It is also seen that the noise properties of all three methods are similar in this region. The method of Tretiak-Metz increases the noise variance at the edge of the disk, whereas it is reduced with the Bellini and Chang methods. Finally, the ideal, nonprewhitening, and region-of-interest observers are shown to be invariant across reconstruction method, however the human observer performs better with the Bellini attenuation correction method.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028337976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028337976&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:0028337976

SN - 0780314875

SP - 1409

EP - 1413

BT - IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference

PB - Publ by IEEE

ER -