Non-communicable disease prevention in Mexico: policies, programs and regulations

Benjamin Aceves, Maia Ingram, Claudia Nieto, Jill G De Zapien, Cecilia Rosales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCD), such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, have become a leading cause of the death in Mexico. The federal government has addressed this issue through developing NCD prevention plans, regulations and policies (PRPs) that seek to address social and environmental factors, which was led by the National Institute of Public Health and Ministry of Health in concert with various non-governmental organizations. This review aims to synthesize and summarize national NCD prevention PRPs addressing social and environmental factors passed from 2010 to 2016, and to assess the extent to which these efforts successfully addressed factors contributing to the epidemic. In total nine federal NCD prevention PRPs were identified from a scan that examined executive and legislative PRPs, which identified five documents. A scoping review was conducted for evaluation studies and reports corresponding to these PRPs. The majority of PRPs focused on nutrition, specifically the access and promotion of food. Studies and reports demonstrated that taxation on energy-dense low-nutrient foods and sugar-sweetened beverages were the most effective. Other PRPs had various issues with implementation, mostly related to adherence and resources available. Overall, there lacked evidence of evaluative work on several NCD prevention PRPs, specifically assessing implementation and effectiveness. Additionally, PRPs did not sufficiently address integration of clinical, social, environmental approaches and access to physical activity. While the Mexican federal government has taken the initial steps to address the multifactorial causes of NCD, firm political commitment and investment of significant resources are still needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-421
Number of pages13
JournalHealth promotion international
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Mexico
  • chronic illness
  • health policy
  • prevention
  • scoping review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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