### Abstract

In QCD simulations at small lattice spacings, the topological charge Q evolves very slowly and, if this quantity is not properly equilibrated, we could get incorrect results for physical quantities, or incorrect estimates of their errors. We use the known relation between the dependence of masses and decay constants on the QCD vacuum angle q and the squared topological charge Q2 together with chiral perturbation theory results for the dependence of masses and decay constants on q to estimate the size of these effects and suggest strategies for dealing with them. For the partially quenched case, we sketch an alternative derivation of the known cPT results of Aoki and Fukaya, using the nonperturbatively correct chiral theory worked out by Golterman, Sharpe and Singleton, and by Sharpe and Shoresh. With the MILC collaboration's ensembles of lattices with four flavors of HISQ dynamical quarks, we measure the Q2 dependence of masses and decay constants and compare to the cPT forms. The observed agreement gives us confidence that we can reliably estimate the errors from slow topology change, and even correct for its leading effects.

Original language | English (US) |
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Journal | Proceedings of Science |

Volume | Part F128557 |

Publication status | Published - 2016 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General

### Cite this

*Proceedings of Science*,

*Part F128557*.