Non-genomic actions of androgens

C. D. Foradori, M. J. Weiser, R. J. Handa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

288 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous work in the endocrine and neuroendocrine fields has viewed the androgen receptor (AR) as a transcription factor activated by testosterone or one of its many metabolites. The bound AR acts as transcription regulatory element by binding to specific DNA response elements in target gene promoters, causing activation or repression of transcription and subsequently protein synthesis. Over the past two decades evidence at the cellular and organismal level has accumulated to implicate rapid responses to androgens, dependent or independent of the AR. Androgen's rapid time course of action; its effects in the absence or inhibition of the cellular machinery necessary for transcription/translation; and in the absence of translocation to the nucleus suggest a method of androgen action not initially dependent on genomic mechanisms (i.e. non-genomic in nature). In the present paper, the non-genomic effects of androgens are reviewed, along with a discussion of the possible role non-genomic androgen actions have on animal physiology and behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-181
Number of pages13
JournalFrontiers in Neuroendocrinology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3α-Diol
  • Androgen receptors
  • Calcium
  • Cell endangering
  • Cell survival
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Non-genomic
  • Rapid
  • Second messenger
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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