Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia

Richard R Bootzin, M. L. Perlis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nonpharmacologic treatments that have been evaluated for insomnia are reviewed. These include sleep hygiene techniques, stimulus control instructions, sleep restriction, chronotherapy, bright light therapy, relaxation training, biofeedback, paradoxical intention, and cognitive therapy. Comparative studies of the different treatments indicate considerable overlap in effectiveness. Direct comparisons between treatments have shown stimulus control instructions to be more effective than either relaxation training or paradoxical intention. Further research is needed on the tailoring of treatments to patient needs, as are more detailed comparisons between pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-41
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychiatry
Volume53
Issue number6 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 1992

Fingerprint

Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Chronotherapy
Therapeutics
Phototherapy
Cognitive Therapy
Sleep
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia. / Bootzin, Richard R; Perlis, M. L.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Vol. 53, No. 6 SUPPL., 1992, p. 37-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bootzin, RR & Perlis, ML 1992, 'Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia', Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 53, no. 6 SUPPL., pp. 37-41.
Bootzin, Richard R ; Perlis, M. L. / Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia. In: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 1992 ; Vol. 53, No. 6 SUPPL. pp. 37-41.
@article{0b595acf88274b7dbef74433a036ec85,
title = "Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia",
abstract = "Nonpharmacologic treatments that have been evaluated for insomnia are reviewed. These include sleep hygiene techniques, stimulus control instructions, sleep restriction, chronotherapy, bright light therapy, relaxation training, biofeedback, paradoxical intention, and cognitive therapy. Comparative studies of the different treatments indicate considerable overlap in effectiveness. Direct comparisons between treatments have shown stimulus control instructions to be more effective than either relaxation training or paradoxical intention. Further research is needed on the tailoring of treatments to patient needs, as are more detailed comparisons between pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.",
author = "Bootzin, {Richard R} and Perlis, {M. L.}",
year = "1992",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "53",
pages = "37--41",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychiatry",
issn = "0160-6689",
publisher = "Physicians Postgraduate Press Inc.",
number = "6 SUPPL.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonpharmacologic treatments of insomnia

AU - Bootzin, Richard R

AU - Perlis, M. L.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - Nonpharmacologic treatments that have been evaluated for insomnia are reviewed. These include sleep hygiene techniques, stimulus control instructions, sleep restriction, chronotherapy, bright light therapy, relaxation training, biofeedback, paradoxical intention, and cognitive therapy. Comparative studies of the different treatments indicate considerable overlap in effectiveness. Direct comparisons between treatments have shown stimulus control instructions to be more effective than either relaxation training or paradoxical intention. Further research is needed on the tailoring of treatments to patient needs, as are more detailed comparisons between pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.

AB - Nonpharmacologic treatments that have been evaluated for insomnia are reviewed. These include sleep hygiene techniques, stimulus control instructions, sleep restriction, chronotherapy, bright light therapy, relaxation training, biofeedback, paradoxical intention, and cognitive therapy. Comparative studies of the different treatments indicate considerable overlap in effectiveness. Direct comparisons between treatments have shown stimulus control instructions to be more effective than either relaxation training or paradoxical intention. Further research is needed on the tailoring of treatments to patient needs, as are more detailed comparisons between pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026751435&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026751435&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1613018

AN - SCOPUS:0026751435

VL - 53

SP - 37

EP - 41

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

SN - 0160-6689

IS - 6 SUPPL.

ER -