Normal dendrite growth in Drosophila motor neurons requires the AP-1 transcription factor

Cortnie L. Hartwig, Jason Worrell, Richard B. Levine, Mani Ramaswami, Subhabrata Sanyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


During learning and memory formation, information flow through networks is regulated significantly through structural alterations in neurons. Dendrites, sites of signal integration, are key targets of activity-mediated modifications. Although local mechanisms of dendritic growth ensure synapse-specific changes, global mechanisms linking neural activity to nuclear gene expression may have profound influences on neural function. Fos, being an immediate-early gene, is ideally suited to be an initial transducer of neural activity, but a precise role for the AP-1 transcription factor in dendrite growth remains to be elucidated. Here we measure changes in the dendritic fields of identified Drosophila motor neurons in vivo and in primary culture to investigate the role of the immediate-early transcription factor AP-1 in regulating endogenous and activity-induced dendrite growth. Our data indicate that (a) increased neural excitability or depolarization stimulates dendrite growth, (b) AP-1 (a Fos, Jun heterodimer) is required for normal motor neuron dendritic growth during development and in response to activity induction, and (c) neuronal Fos protein levels are rapidly but transiently induced in motor neurons following neural activity. Taken together, these results show that AP-1 mediated transcription is important for dendrite growth, and that neural activity influences global dendritic growth through a gene-expression dependent mechanism gated by AP-I.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1225-1242
Number of pages18
JournalDevelopmental Neurobiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • AP-1
  • Dendrites
  • Development
  • Drosophila
  • Plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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