Normal language in abnormal brains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


There is little doubt that, in the adult, specific brain lesions cause specific language deficits. Yet, brain localizations of linguistic functions are made problematic by several reported cases of normal language in spite of major brain anomalies, mostly, but not exclusively, occurring early in life. The signal cases are hydrocephaly, spina bifida and hemispherectomy. These cases are discussed and possible solutions are suggested: namely a vast redundancy of neurons and/or the role of microtubules as neuron-internal processors and key factors in signaling and guiding the growth and reconfiguration of the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Sep 23 2016



  • Brain lesions
  • Hemispherectomy
  • Hydrocephaly
  • Linguistic disabilities
  • Spina bifida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this