Northern hemisphere controls on tropical southeast African climate during the past 60,000 years

Jessica E. Tierney, James M. Russell, Yongsong Huang, Jaap S. Sinninghe Damsté, Ellen C. Hopmans, Andrew S. Cohen

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353 Scopus citations

Abstract

The processes that control climate in the tropics are poorly understood. We applied compound-specific hydrogen isotopes (δD) and the TEX86 (tetraether index of 86 carbon atoms) temperature proxy to sediment cores from Lake Tanganyika to independently reconstruct precipitation and temperature variations during the past 60,000 years. Tanganyika temperatures follow Northern Hemisphere insolation and indicate that warming in tropical southeast Africa during the last glacial termination began to increase ∼3000 years before atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. δD data show that this region experienced abrupt changes in hydrology coeval with orbital and millennial-scale events recorded in Northern Hemisphere monsoonal climate records. This implies that precipitation in tropical southeast Africa is more strongly controlled by changes in Indian Ocean sea surface temperatures and the winter Indian monsoon than by migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-255
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume322
Issue number5899
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Tierney, J. E., Russell, J. M., Huang, Y., Sinninghe Damsté, J. S., Hopmans, E. C., & Cohen, A. S. (2008). Northern hemisphere controls on tropical southeast African climate during the past 60,000 years. Science, 322(5899), 252-255. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1160485