Novel dual-lumen ureteral stents provide better ureteral flow than single ureteral stent in ex vivo porcine kidney model of extrinsic ureteral obstruction

Jason Hafron, Michael C. Ost, Beng Jit Tan, James D. Fogarty, David M. Hoenig, Benjamin R. Lee, Arthur D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: In the instance of extrinsic ureteral obstruction, indwelling ureteral stents have a high failure rate. Although technically challenging, simultaneous insertion of two ipsilateral stents can achieve better flow rates with time. A novel dual-lumen stent, composed of two adhered ureteral stents, offers the additional benefit of easier placement than a single guidewire. Using a novel ex vivo porcine model, the flow rates within an extrinsically obstructed renal unit were evaluated using two internal ipsilateral stents and two prototype double-lumen stents. Methods: Sixteen renal units were harvested from eight adult Yorkshire female pigs. To quantify flow, the kidneys were infused at a constant pressure, and the corresponding ureteral drainage was measured for a defined interval. The flow was measured with a standard 7F double-pigtail stent, two ipsilateral 7F double-pigtail stents, a 7F novel double-lumen stent designed with both distal lumens open, and a 7F novel double-lumen stent with one distal lumen closed. The intraluminal and extraluminal flow in obstructed and nonobstructed systems was measured. Results: The two ipsilateral standard stents or prototype double stents achieved better flow down the ureter than did one standard stent (P <0.05). The intraluminal and extraluminal flow in the novel stents was statistically greater than the corresponding flow in the standard double-pigtail stent (P <0.01). The extraluminal and obstructed flow was lowest for the standard double-pigtail stent. Conclusions: Novel dual-lumen prototype ureteral stents provided better flow than a single stent in extrinsically obstructed ureters with the proposed added benefit of easier retrograde insertion compared with a single guidewire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-915
Number of pages5
JournalUrology
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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