Infectious myonecrosis virus (IMNV) is one of the most pathogenic viruses that affect Penaeus vannamei shrimp. In 2018, IMNV was reported in grow-out ponds of P. vannamei in Situbondo, Indonesia. Diseased animals displayed clinical signs of infectious myonecrosis (IMN) characterized by white discoloration of skeletal muscle. Histopathology of affected shrimp revealed lesions that are pathognomonic of IMNV infection. The major capsid protein (MCP) gene was amplified and sequenced from representative samples showing IMN pathology. Multiple alignment of predicted amino acid sequences of the MCP gene with known IMNV genotypes in the GenBank database revealed three unique genotypes, SB-A, SB-B and SB-C,in Situbondo samples. The number of amino acid changes in SB-A, SB-B and SB-C compared to known IMNV genotypes ranged from 7-710, including the isolate SB-B, which contains deletion of 622 aa. A phylogenetic analysis using homologous sequences from Brazil and Indonesia showed that these three isolates represent new IMNV genotypes.
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