Novel photocatalyst nitrogen-doped simonkolleite Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O with vis-up-conversion photoluminescence and effective visible-light photocatalysis

Junfeng He, Jiamin Hu, Xi Mo, Qing Hao, Zhili Fan, Guannan He, Yinzhen Wang, Wei Li, Qinyu He

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Abstract

As photocatalysts exhibit selectivity toward various pollutants, it is necessary to develop different and novel photocatalysts. In this work, a novel photocatalyst-nitrogen-doped simonkolleite Zn5(OH)8Cl2·H2O (DSM) is prepared through a new facile method: calcinating the mixture of zinc hydroxide, urea, and guanidine hydrochloride at 575 °C for 1 h in a furnace with an air atmosphere. The as-prepared sample was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL) spectra, UV–visble near-infrared diffuse reflection spectra (UV–Vis–NIR DRS), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method, Ramen spectra and Zeta potential measurement, photocatalytic properties, as well as active species trapping experiments. XRD and XPS show the as-prepared powder is nitrogen-doped simonkolleite Zn5(OH)8Cl2H2O (DSM) with a small ZnCl2 fraction. SEM investigation indicates that the as-prepared powder possesses a flower-like layered shape. The UV–Vis–NIR exhibits that after doping, the DSM possesses strong light absorption in the ranges of 300–500 and 1400–2500 nm, a direct electronic transition with a band gap energy of 2.469 eV. PL measurement reveals a strong photoluminescence and an up-conversion from lower to higher-energy visible light in as-prepared samples. Zeta potential investigations show that during photocatalysis, the charges on as-prepared photocatalyst are positive. The photocatalytic experiments show a good dark adsorption, a high photodegradation (99.4% at 60 min), a high pseudo-first-order constant (k) of 0.0261 min−1. Meanwhile, the active species trapping experiments suggest that hole (h+) is the dominant active species during photocatalysis. It is concluded that the doping favors in enhancing vis-light-photocatalysis. This work makes a significant contribution to the literature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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