Novel somatostatin analogs for the treatment of acromegaly and cancer exhibit improved in vivo stability and distribution

T. J. Gillespie, A. Erenberg, S. Kim, J. Dong, J. E. Taylor, V. Hau, T. P. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biodistribution of several radiolabeled somatostatin (SRIF) analogs was determined in the rat. Newly developed analogs BIM-23190 and BIM-23197 attained higher plasma levels and much greater target tissue concentrations than the clinically used BIM-23014 analog. Highest tissue concentrations of BIM-23190 and BIM-23197 were found in adrenal, kidney, pituitary and pancreas, tissues that are known to be abundant in mRNA for the somatostatin subtype 2 receptor. BIM-23190 and BIM-23197 associated radioactivity in these tissues was prolonged compared with that of BIM-23014, especially in the SRIF-receptor-rich pituitary. BIM-23190 and BIM-23197 were more stable in vivo and much less subject to biliary excretion than BIM-23014. These properties account for the elevated plasma and target tissue concentrations of these new SRIF analogs. Based on higher plasma levels, greater distribution to target tissues and longer in vivo stability, BIM-23190 and BIM-23197 may prove to be superior to BIM-23014 for the treatment of acromegaly and some types of cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume285
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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