Novel thermal efficiency-based model for determination of thermal conductivity of membrane distillation membranes

Johan Vanneste, John A. Bush, Kerri L. Hickenbottom, Christopher A. Marks, David Jassby, Craig S. Turchi, Tzahi Y. Cath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development and selection of membranes for membrane distillation (MD) could be accelerated if all performance-determining characteristics of the membrane could be obtained during MD operation without the need to recur to specialized or cumbersome porosity or thermal conductivity measurement techniques. By redefining the thermal efficiency, the Schofield method could be adapted to describe the flux without prior knowledge of membrane porosity, thickness, or thermal conductivity. A total of 17 commercially available membranes were analyzed in terms of flux and thermal efficiency to assess their suitability for application in MD. The model described the flux with an average %RMSE of 4.5%, which was in the same range as the standard deviation of the measured flux. The redefinition of the thermal efficiency also enabled MD to be used as a novel thermal conductivity measurement device for thin porous hydrophobic films that cannot be measured with the conventional laser flash diffusivity technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-308
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume548
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2018

Keywords

  • Conductive heat transfer coefficient
  • Desalination
  • Low-grade heat
  • Membrane distillation
  • Thermal conductivity
  • Thermal efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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