Nuclear chromatin characteristics of breast solid pattern ductal carcinoma in situ

D. H. Frank, J. R. Davis, D. S. Alberts, D. Thompson, Y. Liu, P. H. Bartels

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize nuclei from breast solid pattern ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by their karyometric features and to search for the presence of statistically significantly different subsets of nuclei. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred nuclei from each of 6 normal, 13 solid DCIS, (9 low and intermediate grade and 4 high grade DCIS) histopathologic samples of breast tissue were digitally recorded. Karyometric features were computed and subjected to a nonsupervised learning algorithm (P-index) to identify significantly different subgroups. RESULTS: Nuclei in low grade lesions displayed a diploid/near diploid pattern, while the majority of intermediate grade lesions fell into a range beyond 5N. The high grade lesions showed substantial genomic instability and represented three statistically different subsets or phenotypes. CONCLUSION: There is a progression of nuclear abnormality from low grade to high grade DCIS. The nuclei from high grade DCIS form a heterogeneous set that represents three phenotypes. One of these phenotypes shows a nuclear chromatin pattern that more closely resembles poorly differentiated, infiltrating disease. The observation of such a phenotype may have prognostic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-426
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical and Quantitative Cytology and Histology
Volume23
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

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Keywords

  • Breast neoplasms
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Grading
  • Lesion progression
  • Phenotypic heterogeneity
  • Ploidies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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