Nucleation: Measurements, theory, and atmospheric applications

Ari Laaksonen, Vicente A Talanquer, David W. Oxtoby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

315 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New experiments have succeeded in measuring actual rates of nucleation and are revealing the shortcomings of classical nucleation theory, which assumes that the molecular-scale regions of the new phase may be treated using bulk thermodynamics and planar surface free energies. In response to these developments, new theories have been developed that incorporate information about molecular interactions in a more realistic fashion. This article reviews recent experimental and theoretical advances in the study of nucleation of liquids from the vapor and of crystals from the melt, with particular emphasis on phenomena that relate to particle formation in the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-524
Number of pages36
JournalAnnual Review of Physical Chemistry
Volume46
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Measurement theory
Nucleation
nucleation
Molecular interactions
molecular interactions
Free energy
free energy
Vapors
Thermodynamics
vapors
atmospheres
thermodynamics
Crystals
Liquids
liquids
crystals
Experiments

Keywords

  • Aerosols
  • Condensation
  • Crystallization
  • Phase transitions
  • Polar stratospheric clouds
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Nucleation : Measurements, theory, and atmospheric applications. / Laaksonen, Ari; Talanquer, Vicente A; Oxtoby, David W.

In: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 1, 1995, p. 489-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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