Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen data from the Tibetan Plateau

Caiming Shen, Kam Biu Liu, Lingyu Tang, Jonathan Overpeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study applies a number of multivariate numerical techniques in the analysis of modern and fossil pollen data for the purpose of paleovegetational reconstruction in the Tibetan Plateau. Modern pollen spectra from 227 sampling sites in the Tibetan Plateau were classified into groups using cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis. By comparing the quantitatively derived groups with local vegetation types at sampling locations, the modern pollen spectra were assigned into five major vegetation types-shrubland, forest, meadow, steppe, and desert. These were used as a priori groups for discriminant analysis. A set of discriminant functions was derived that correctly classifies 93.3 percent of the surface samples. These functions were then applied to a fossil pollen record from Yidun Glacial Lake near the Sichuan-Tibet border to reconstruct the major pattern of vegetational changes since the last glacial maximum. The results show that steppe and meadow prevailed around the site during the Late Glacial period (17.3-11.5 ka BP). Regional vegetation changed from meadow to forest during the transitional period of 11.5-9.2 ka BP. Forests have persisted in the Yidun area since 9.2 ka BP. A comparison of our reconstructed paleovegetation with other proxy data suggests that the transition to forest around 9.2 ka BP followed the early Holocene intensification of the southwest Asian monsoon. Our study also demonstrates that discriminant analysis is a useful technique for reliable reconstruction of paleovegetation in the Tibetan Plateau.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-772
Number of pages18
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

pollen
plateau
fossil
meadow
discriminant analysis
steppe
vegetation type
reconstruction
correspondence analysis
glacial lake
Tibet
Group
sampling
shrubland
late glacial
desert
cluster analysis
Last Glacial Maximum
monsoon
Holocene

Keywords

  • Discriminant analysis
  • Modern analogue
  • Pollen data
  • Tibetan Plateau
  • Vegetation change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen data from the Tibetan Plateau. / Shen, Caiming; Liu, Kam Biu; Tang, Lingyu; Overpeck, Jonathan.

In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 98, No. 4, 2008, p. 755-772.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7d7bf9aae5b247a0a89b90d3f59080fc,
title = "Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen data from the Tibetan Plateau",
abstract = "This study applies a number of multivariate numerical techniques in the analysis of modern and fossil pollen data for the purpose of paleovegetational reconstruction in the Tibetan Plateau. Modern pollen spectra from 227 sampling sites in the Tibetan Plateau were classified into groups using cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis. By comparing the quantitatively derived groups with local vegetation types at sampling locations, the modern pollen spectra were assigned into five major vegetation types-shrubland, forest, meadow, steppe, and desert. These were used as a priori groups for discriminant analysis. A set of discriminant functions was derived that correctly classifies 93.3 percent of the surface samples. These functions were then applied to a fossil pollen record from Yidun Glacial Lake near the Sichuan-Tibet border to reconstruct the major pattern of vegetational changes since the last glacial maximum. The results show that steppe and meadow prevailed around the site during the Late Glacial period (17.3-11.5 ka BP). Regional vegetation changed from meadow to forest during the transitional period of 11.5-9.2 ka BP. Forests have persisted in the Yidun area since 9.2 ka BP. A comparison of our reconstructed paleovegetation with other proxy data suggests that the transition to forest around 9.2 ka BP followed the early Holocene intensification of the southwest Asian monsoon. Our study also demonstrates that discriminant analysis is a useful technique for reliable reconstruction of paleovegetation in the Tibetan Plateau.",
keywords = "Discriminant analysis, Modern analogue, Pollen data, Tibetan Plateau, Vegetation change",
author = "Caiming Shen and Liu, {Kam Biu} and Lingyu Tang and Jonathan Overpeck",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1080/00045600802232342",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "98",
pages = "755--772",
journal = "Annals of the American Association of Geographers",
issn = "2469-4452",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical analysis of modern and fossil pollen data from the Tibetan Plateau

AU - Shen, Caiming

AU - Liu, Kam Biu

AU - Tang, Lingyu

AU - Overpeck, Jonathan

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - This study applies a number of multivariate numerical techniques in the analysis of modern and fossil pollen data for the purpose of paleovegetational reconstruction in the Tibetan Plateau. Modern pollen spectra from 227 sampling sites in the Tibetan Plateau were classified into groups using cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis. By comparing the quantitatively derived groups with local vegetation types at sampling locations, the modern pollen spectra were assigned into five major vegetation types-shrubland, forest, meadow, steppe, and desert. These were used as a priori groups for discriminant analysis. A set of discriminant functions was derived that correctly classifies 93.3 percent of the surface samples. These functions were then applied to a fossil pollen record from Yidun Glacial Lake near the Sichuan-Tibet border to reconstruct the major pattern of vegetational changes since the last glacial maximum. The results show that steppe and meadow prevailed around the site during the Late Glacial period (17.3-11.5 ka BP). Regional vegetation changed from meadow to forest during the transitional period of 11.5-9.2 ka BP. Forests have persisted in the Yidun area since 9.2 ka BP. A comparison of our reconstructed paleovegetation with other proxy data suggests that the transition to forest around 9.2 ka BP followed the early Holocene intensification of the southwest Asian monsoon. Our study also demonstrates that discriminant analysis is a useful technique for reliable reconstruction of paleovegetation in the Tibetan Plateau.

AB - This study applies a number of multivariate numerical techniques in the analysis of modern and fossil pollen data for the purpose of paleovegetational reconstruction in the Tibetan Plateau. Modern pollen spectra from 227 sampling sites in the Tibetan Plateau were classified into groups using cluster analysis and detrended correspondence analysis. By comparing the quantitatively derived groups with local vegetation types at sampling locations, the modern pollen spectra were assigned into five major vegetation types-shrubland, forest, meadow, steppe, and desert. These were used as a priori groups for discriminant analysis. A set of discriminant functions was derived that correctly classifies 93.3 percent of the surface samples. These functions were then applied to a fossil pollen record from Yidun Glacial Lake near the Sichuan-Tibet border to reconstruct the major pattern of vegetational changes since the last glacial maximum. The results show that steppe and meadow prevailed around the site during the Late Glacial period (17.3-11.5 ka BP). Regional vegetation changed from meadow to forest during the transitional period of 11.5-9.2 ka BP. Forests have persisted in the Yidun area since 9.2 ka BP. A comparison of our reconstructed paleovegetation with other proxy data suggests that the transition to forest around 9.2 ka BP followed the early Holocene intensification of the southwest Asian monsoon. Our study also demonstrates that discriminant analysis is a useful technique for reliable reconstruction of paleovegetation in the Tibetan Plateau.

KW - Discriminant analysis

KW - Modern analogue

KW - Pollen data

KW - Tibetan Plateau

KW - Vegetation change

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=65449117215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=65449117215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00045600802232342

DO - 10.1080/00045600802232342

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:65449117215

VL - 98

SP - 755

EP - 772

JO - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

JF - Annals of the American Association of Geographers

SN - 2469-4452

IS - 4

ER -