Numerical simulation of "an American haboob"

A. Vukovic, M. Vujadinovic, G. Pejanovic, J. Andric, M. R. Kumjian, V. Djurdjevic, M. Dacic, A. K. Prasad, H. M. El-Askary, B. C. Paris, S. Petkovic, S. Nickovic, William A Sprigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dust storm of fearful proportions hit Phoenix in the early evening hours of 5 July 2011. This storm, an American haboob, was predicted hours in advance because numerical, land-atmosphere modeling, computing power and remote sensing of dust events have improved greatly over the past decade. High-resolution numerical models are required for accurate simulation of the small scales of the haboob process, with high velocity surface winds produced by strong convection and severe downbursts. Dust productive areas in this region consist mainly of agricultural fields, with soil surfaces disturbed by plowing and tracks of land in the high Sonoran Desert laid barren by ongoing draught. Model simulation of the 5 July 2011 dust storm uses the coupled atmospheric-dust model NMME-DREAM (Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model on E grid, Janjic et al., 2001; Dust REgional Atmospheric Model, Nickovic et al., 2001; Pérez et al., 2006) with 4 km horizontal resolution. A mask of the potentially dust productive regions is obtained from the land cover and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The scope of this paper is validation of the dust model performance, and not use of the model as a tool to investigate mechanisms related to the storm. Results demonstrate the potential technical capacity and availability of the relevant data to build an operational system for dust storm forecasting as a part of a warning system. Model results are compared with radar and other satellite-based images and surface meteorological and PM10 observations. The atmospheric model successfully hindcasted the position of the front in space and time, with about 1 h late arrival in Phoenix. The dust model predicted the rapid uptake of dust and high values of dust concentration in the ensuing storm. South of Phoenix, over the closest source regions (~25 km), the model PM10 surface dust concentration reached ~2500 μg mg-3, but underestimated the values measured by the PM10 stations within the city. Model results are also validated by the MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD), employing deep blue (DB) algorithms for aerosol loadings. Model validation included Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), equipped with the lidar instrument, to disclose the vertical structure of dust aerosols as well as aerosol subtypes. Promising results encourage further research and application of high-resolution modeling and satellite-based remote sensing to warn of approaching severe dust events and reduce risks for safety and health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3211-3230
Number of pages20
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2014

Fingerprint

dust
simulation
dust storm
aerosol
MODIS
remote sensing
CALIPSO
warning system
model validation
plowing
health and safety
surface wind
lidar
NDVI
optical depth
modeling
land cover
soil surface
desert
convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Vukovic, A., Vujadinovic, M., Pejanovic, G., Andric, J., Kumjian, M. R., Djurdjevic, V., ... Sprigg, W. A. (2014). Numerical simulation of "an American haboob". Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14(7), 3211-3230. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014

Numerical simulation of "an American haboob". / Vukovic, A.; Vujadinovic, M.; Pejanovic, G.; Andric, J.; Kumjian, M. R.; Djurdjevic, V.; Dacic, M.; Prasad, A. K.; El-Askary, H. M.; Paris, B. C.; Petkovic, S.; Nickovic, S.; Sprigg, William A.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, No. 7, 02.04.2014, p. 3211-3230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vukovic, A, Vujadinovic, M, Pejanovic, G, Andric, J, Kumjian, MR, Djurdjevic, V, Dacic, M, Prasad, AK, El-Askary, HM, Paris, BC, Petkovic, S, Nickovic, S & Sprigg, WA 2014, 'Numerical simulation of "an American haboob"', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 3211-3230. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014
Vukovic A, Vujadinovic M, Pejanovic G, Andric J, Kumjian MR, Djurdjevic V et al. Numerical simulation of "an American haboob". Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2014 Apr 2;14(7):3211-3230. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014
Vukovic, A. ; Vujadinovic, M. ; Pejanovic, G. ; Andric, J. ; Kumjian, M. R. ; Djurdjevic, V. ; Dacic, M. ; Prasad, A. K. ; El-Askary, H. M. ; Paris, B. C. ; Petkovic, S. ; Nickovic, S. ; Sprigg, William A. / Numerical simulation of "an American haboob". In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 7. pp. 3211-3230.
@article{04c7342defda4068b07fc87c1a17cd0f,
title = "Numerical simulation of {"}an American haboob{"}",
abstract = "A dust storm of fearful proportions hit Phoenix in the early evening hours of 5 July 2011. This storm, an American haboob, was predicted hours in advance because numerical, land-atmosphere modeling, computing power and remote sensing of dust events have improved greatly over the past decade. High-resolution numerical models are required for accurate simulation of the small scales of the haboob process, with high velocity surface winds produced by strong convection and severe downbursts. Dust productive areas in this region consist mainly of agricultural fields, with soil surfaces disturbed by plowing and tracks of land in the high Sonoran Desert laid barren by ongoing draught. Model simulation of the 5 July 2011 dust storm uses the coupled atmospheric-dust model NMME-DREAM (Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model on E grid, Janjic et al., 2001; Dust REgional Atmospheric Model, Nickovic et al., 2001; P{\'e}rez et al., 2006) with 4 km horizontal resolution. A mask of the potentially dust productive regions is obtained from the land cover and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The scope of this paper is validation of the dust model performance, and not use of the model as a tool to investigate mechanisms related to the storm. Results demonstrate the potential technical capacity and availability of the relevant data to build an operational system for dust storm forecasting as a part of a warning system. Model results are compared with radar and other satellite-based images and surface meteorological and PM10 observations. The atmospheric model successfully hindcasted the position of the front in space and time, with about 1 h late arrival in Phoenix. The dust model predicted the rapid uptake of dust and high values of dust concentration in the ensuing storm. South of Phoenix, over the closest source regions (~25 km), the model PM10 surface dust concentration reached ~2500 μg mg-3, but underestimated the values measured by the PM10 stations within the city. Model results are also validated by the MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD), employing deep blue (DB) algorithms for aerosol loadings. Model validation included Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), equipped with the lidar instrument, to disclose the vertical structure of dust aerosols as well as aerosol subtypes. Promising results encourage further research and application of high-resolution modeling and satellite-based remote sensing to warn of approaching severe dust events and reduce risks for safety and health.",
author = "A. Vukovic and M. Vujadinovic and G. Pejanovic and J. Andric and Kumjian, {M. R.} and V. Djurdjevic and M. Dacic and Prasad, {A. K.} and El-Askary, {H. M.} and Paris, {B. C.} and S. Petkovic and S. Nickovic and Sprigg, {William A}",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "2",
doi = "10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "3211--3230",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics",
issn = "1680-7316",
publisher = "European Geosciences Union",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical simulation of "an American haboob"

AU - Vukovic, A.

AU - Vujadinovic, M.

AU - Pejanovic, G.

AU - Andric, J.

AU - Kumjian, M. R.

AU - Djurdjevic, V.

AU - Dacic, M.

AU - Prasad, A. K.

AU - El-Askary, H. M.

AU - Paris, B. C.

AU - Petkovic, S.

AU - Nickovic, S.

AU - Sprigg, William A

PY - 2014/4/2

Y1 - 2014/4/2

N2 - A dust storm of fearful proportions hit Phoenix in the early evening hours of 5 July 2011. This storm, an American haboob, was predicted hours in advance because numerical, land-atmosphere modeling, computing power and remote sensing of dust events have improved greatly over the past decade. High-resolution numerical models are required for accurate simulation of the small scales of the haboob process, with high velocity surface winds produced by strong convection and severe downbursts. Dust productive areas in this region consist mainly of agricultural fields, with soil surfaces disturbed by plowing and tracks of land in the high Sonoran Desert laid barren by ongoing draught. Model simulation of the 5 July 2011 dust storm uses the coupled atmospheric-dust model NMME-DREAM (Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model on E grid, Janjic et al., 2001; Dust REgional Atmospheric Model, Nickovic et al., 2001; Pérez et al., 2006) with 4 km horizontal resolution. A mask of the potentially dust productive regions is obtained from the land cover and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The scope of this paper is validation of the dust model performance, and not use of the model as a tool to investigate mechanisms related to the storm. Results demonstrate the potential technical capacity and availability of the relevant data to build an operational system for dust storm forecasting as a part of a warning system. Model results are compared with radar and other satellite-based images and surface meteorological and PM10 observations. The atmospheric model successfully hindcasted the position of the front in space and time, with about 1 h late arrival in Phoenix. The dust model predicted the rapid uptake of dust and high values of dust concentration in the ensuing storm. South of Phoenix, over the closest source regions (~25 km), the model PM10 surface dust concentration reached ~2500 μg mg-3, but underestimated the values measured by the PM10 stations within the city. Model results are also validated by the MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD), employing deep blue (DB) algorithms for aerosol loadings. Model validation included Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), equipped with the lidar instrument, to disclose the vertical structure of dust aerosols as well as aerosol subtypes. Promising results encourage further research and application of high-resolution modeling and satellite-based remote sensing to warn of approaching severe dust events and reduce risks for safety and health.

AB - A dust storm of fearful proportions hit Phoenix in the early evening hours of 5 July 2011. This storm, an American haboob, was predicted hours in advance because numerical, land-atmosphere modeling, computing power and remote sensing of dust events have improved greatly over the past decade. High-resolution numerical models are required for accurate simulation of the small scales of the haboob process, with high velocity surface winds produced by strong convection and severe downbursts. Dust productive areas in this region consist mainly of agricultural fields, with soil surfaces disturbed by plowing and tracks of land in the high Sonoran Desert laid barren by ongoing draught. Model simulation of the 5 July 2011 dust storm uses the coupled atmospheric-dust model NMME-DREAM (Non-hydrostatic Mesoscale Model on E grid, Janjic et al., 2001; Dust REgional Atmospheric Model, Nickovic et al., 2001; Pérez et al., 2006) with 4 km horizontal resolution. A mask of the potentially dust productive regions is obtained from the land cover and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). The scope of this paper is validation of the dust model performance, and not use of the model as a tool to investigate mechanisms related to the storm. Results demonstrate the potential technical capacity and availability of the relevant data to build an operational system for dust storm forecasting as a part of a warning system. Model results are compared with radar and other satellite-based images and surface meteorological and PM10 observations. The atmospheric model successfully hindcasted the position of the front in space and time, with about 1 h late arrival in Phoenix. The dust model predicted the rapid uptake of dust and high values of dust concentration in the ensuing storm. South of Phoenix, over the closest source regions (~25 km), the model PM10 surface dust concentration reached ~2500 μg mg-3, but underestimated the values measured by the PM10 stations within the city. Model results are also validated by the MODIS aerosol optical depth (AOD), employing deep blue (DB) algorithms for aerosol loadings. Model validation included Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), equipped with the lidar instrument, to disclose the vertical structure of dust aerosols as well as aerosol subtypes. Promising results encourage further research and application of high-resolution modeling and satellite-based remote sensing to warn of approaching severe dust events and reduce risks for safety and health.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897495483&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897495483&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014

DO - 10.5194/acp-14-3211-2014

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 3211

EP - 3230

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

SN - 1680-7316

IS - 7

ER -