Nutrient balance and stage of lactation affect responses of insulin, insulin-like growth factors I and II, and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 to somatotropin administration in dairy cows

J. L. Vicini, F. C. Buonomo, J. J. Veenhuizen, M. A. Miller, D. R. Clemmons, R. J. Collier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

Six Holstein cows were used in a complete block design to examine effects of period of lactation and somatotropin (bST) administration on concentrations of insulin, insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I, IGF-II), and IGF-binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2). During late lactation, the dry period and the subsequent early lactation, cows received injections of NaHCO3 buffer for 5 d and bST for 7 d. Cows were in positive energy and protein balances during late lactation and the dry period and in slight negative balances during early lactation. Basal insulin concentrations were highest in late lactation (170 pmol/L), whereas bST concentrations were higher in early lactation (0.6 μg/L). Insulin was increased by bST in the dry period (255 pmol/L) and late lactation (149 pmol/L) but not in early lactation (14 pmol/L), probably because of greater availability of glucose during positive nutrient balance. Basal IGF-I was lowest in early lactation (63.6 μg/L) but was increased by bST during all periods. The IGF-I response to bST administration was lower during early lactation (74.1 μg/L) compared with late lactation (123.6 μg/L) and dry period (146.0 μg/L). The IGF-II concentrations were not affected by period of lactation of bST administration but IGF-II tended to be higher during bST administration when cows were dry. Concentration of IGFBP-2 was higher during early lactation when cows were in negative nutrient balance (479.5 μg/L) than during the dry period (289.2 μg/L) and was decreased with bST. These data support a role of insulin and IGF in regulation of milk production. Availability of nutrients may be involved in regulating these hormones, particularly during bST treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1656-1664
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume121
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • Dairy cattle
  • Insulin
  • Insulin-like growth factor
  • Nutrient balance
  • Somatotropin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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