Nutrient characteristics of Southwest Native American pre-contact diets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Southwest Native American pre-contact diets varied relative to water availability and subsequent distribution and density of plant and animal resources. Early paleolithic big game hunters consumed a diet high in fat and protein but low in carbohydrates and fiber. Big game extinction led to increased reliance on wild plant foods. Arid-land plants are high in complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, hypoglycemic chemical compounds and antioxidant micronutrients. These characteristics enhance plant survival by improving water absorption and retention, by providing protection from predation and strong desiccating winds, and by producing colors attractive to potential pollinators. For Native Americans, wild plant foods provided a diet high in fiber, carbohydrates and micronutrients. In some locales, this emphasis on plant foods led to a shift to agriculture. The varieties of plants domesticated predominantly corn, beans and squash, were lower in simple carbohydrates and higher in mineral content than modern commercial varieties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-284
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine
Volume6
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

North American Indians
American Indians
Edible Plants
Carbohydrates
Diet
carbohydrates
Food
Micronutrients
nutrients
wild plants
dietary minerals
diet
dietary fiber
Plant Dispersal
Embryophyta
Cucurbita
high fiber diet
Water
high protein diet
chemical compounds

Keywords

  • Arid-land adaptation
  • Diet
  • Native Americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

@article{ad9b4a44d001434c854fc5ff19673c3a,
title = "Nutrient characteristics of Southwest Native American pre-contact diets",
abstract = "Southwest Native American pre-contact diets varied relative to water availability and subsequent distribution and density of plant and animal resources. Early paleolithic big game hunters consumed a diet high in fat and protein but low in carbohydrates and fiber. Big game extinction led to increased reliance on wild plant foods. Arid-land plants are high in complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, hypoglycemic chemical compounds and antioxidant micronutrients. These characteristics enhance plant survival by improving water absorption and retention, by providing protection from predation and strong desiccating winds, and by producing colors attractive to potential pollinators. For Native Americans, wild plant foods provided a diet high in fiber, carbohydrates and micronutrients. In some locales, this emphasis on plant foods led to a shift to agriculture. The varieties of plants domesticated predominantly corn, beans and squash, were lower in simple carbohydrates and higher in mineral content than modern commercial varieties.",
keywords = "Arid-land adaptation, Diet, Native Americans",
author = "Teufel-Shone, {Nicolette I}",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "273--284",
journal = "Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1359-0847",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutrient characteristics of Southwest Native American pre-contact diets

AU - Teufel-Shone, Nicolette I

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Southwest Native American pre-contact diets varied relative to water availability and subsequent distribution and density of plant and animal resources. Early paleolithic big game hunters consumed a diet high in fat and protein but low in carbohydrates and fiber. Big game extinction led to increased reliance on wild plant foods. Arid-land plants are high in complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, hypoglycemic chemical compounds and antioxidant micronutrients. These characteristics enhance plant survival by improving water absorption and retention, by providing protection from predation and strong desiccating winds, and by producing colors attractive to potential pollinators. For Native Americans, wild plant foods provided a diet high in fiber, carbohydrates and micronutrients. In some locales, this emphasis on plant foods led to a shift to agriculture. The varieties of plants domesticated predominantly corn, beans and squash, were lower in simple carbohydrates and higher in mineral content than modern commercial varieties.

AB - Southwest Native American pre-contact diets varied relative to water availability and subsequent distribution and density of plant and animal resources. Early paleolithic big game hunters consumed a diet high in fat and protein but low in carbohydrates and fiber. Big game extinction led to increased reliance on wild plant foods. Arid-land plants are high in complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, hypoglycemic chemical compounds and antioxidant micronutrients. These characteristics enhance plant survival by improving water absorption and retention, by providing protection from predation and strong desiccating winds, and by producing colors attractive to potential pollinators. For Native Americans, wild plant foods provided a diet high in fiber, carbohydrates and micronutrients. In some locales, this emphasis on plant foods led to a shift to agriculture. The varieties of plants domesticated predominantly corn, beans and squash, were lower in simple carbohydrates and higher in mineral content than modern commercial varieties.

KW - Arid-land adaptation

KW - Diet

KW - Native Americans

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029862038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029862038&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0029862038

VL - 6

SP - 273

EP - 284

JO - Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine

JF - Journal of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1359-0847

IS - 3

ER -