Nutrition in trauma and critically Ill patients

Bellal Joseph, Julie L. Wynne, Stanley J. Dudrick, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite significant improvements in the practice of metabolic support of critically ill patients in recent years, malnutrition continues to be common among surgical patients, adding significantly to complications, infections, length of stay, costs, and increased mortality. Furthermore, hypercatabolism is the major metabolic response after major trauma and emergency surgery, making this patient population a unique subgroup of critically ill patients vulnerable to further decline in nutritional status. Many questions have already been answered, such as whether critically ill patients should be fed, when they should be fed, and how nutrients should be delivered. What is not entirely clear is what we should feed critically ill patients at different phases of specific diseases and disorders, as well as whether or not we should enhance and/or modulate patients' immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Critically ill patients
  • Emergency surgery
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Nutrition support
  • Total parenteral nutrition
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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