Nutritional Therapy in Critically Ill and Injured Patients

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nutritional support of critically ill or injured patients has undergone significant advances in the last few decades. These advances are the direct result of the growing scientific progress and increased knowledge of the biology and biochemistry of key metabolic and nutrient changes induced by injury, sepsis, and other critical illnesses, both in adults and children. As this knowledge has increased, the science of nutritional support has become more disease based and disorder based. This article discusses protein and nitrogen metabolism in critically ill patients, immunomodulation, and the key nutrients involved in an immune-enhancing diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-593
Number of pages15
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • ARDS
  • Acute phase protein
  • Amino acid
  • Critically ill
  • Immunonutrition
  • Intensive care unit
  • Sepsis
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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