Obesity is associated with left atrial enlargement, E/A reversal and left ventricular hypertrophy

Mohammad R Movahed, Yuji Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objective: Previous studies have found that obesity is associated with congestive heart failure. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association between obesity and parameters of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction using a large echocardiographic database. Method: Data from 13,382 echocardiograms were analyzed for associations between obesity and abnormal LV diastolic parameters. Body mass index (BMI) was categorized into two groups for univariate analysis (nonobese group: BMI less than 30 kg/m2 obese group: BMI 30 kg/m2 or greater). Obesity was correlated with left atrial (LA) enlargement (LA diameter greater than 40 mm), LV hypertrophy (posterior or anterior wall thickness greater than 11 mm), early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, abnormal LV mass (greater than 215 g) and abnormal relative wall thickness (greater than 0.43). Multivariate analysis was used to adjust for age and sex. Results: All diastolic parameters of heart failure were associated with obesity using univariate and multivariate analyses. The ORs for patients with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater were 2.53 (95% CI 2.30 to 2.75; P<0.0001) for LA diameter greater than 40 mm, 1.61 (95% CI 1.45 to 1.80; P<0.0001) for LV hypertrophy, 1.14 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.25; P<0.0001) for early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, 2.33 (95% CI 2.10 to 2.58; P<0.0001) for LV mass greater than 215 g, and 1.14 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.26; P=0.01) for relative wall thickness greater than 0.43. Conclusion: The present study suggests that obesity is associated with abnormal parameters of diastolic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-91
Number of pages3
JournalExperimental and Clinical Cardiology
Volume13
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Obesity
Body Mass Index
Multivariate Analysis
Diastolic Heart Failure
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
Heart Failure
Databases

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Diastolic function
  • EF
  • Left ventricular dysfunction
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Obesity is associated with left atrial enlargement, E/A reversal and left ventricular hypertrophy. / Movahed, Mohammad R; Saito, Yuji.

In: Experimental and Clinical Cardiology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2008, p. 89-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background and objective: Previous studies have found that obesity is associated with congestive heart failure. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association between obesity and parameters of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction using a large echocardiographic database. Method: Data from 13,382 echocardiograms were analyzed for associations between obesity and abnormal LV diastolic parameters. Body mass index (BMI) was categorized into two groups for univariate analysis (nonobese group: BMI less than 30 kg/m2 obese group: BMI 30 kg/m2 or greater). Obesity was correlated with left atrial (LA) enlargement (LA diameter greater than 40 mm), LV hypertrophy (posterior or anterior wall thickness greater than 11 mm), early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, abnormal LV mass (greater than 215 g) and abnormal relative wall thickness (greater than 0.43). Multivariate analysis was used to adjust for age and sex. Results: All diastolic parameters of heart failure were associated with obesity using univariate and multivariate analyses. The ORs for patients with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater were 2.53 (95{\%} CI 2.30 to 2.75; P<0.0001) for LA diameter greater than 40 mm, 1.61 (95{\%} CI 1.45 to 1.80; P<0.0001) for LV hypertrophy, 1.14 (95{\%} CI 1.02 to 1.25; P<0.0001) for early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, 2.33 (95{\%} CI 2.10 to 2.58; P<0.0001) for LV mass greater than 215 g, and 1.14 (95{\%} CI 1.02 to 1.26; P=0.01) for relative wall thickness greater than 0.43. Conclusion: The present study suggests that obesity is associated with abnormal parameters of diastolic function.",
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AB - Background and objective: Previous studies have found that obesity is associated with congestive heart failure. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association between obesity and parameters of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction using a large echocardiographic database. Method: Data from 13,382 echocardiograms were analyzed for associations between obesity and abnormal LV diastolic parameters. Body mass index (BMI) was categorized into two groups for univariate analysis (nonobese group: BMI less than 30 kg/m2 obese group: BMI 30 kg/m2 or greater). Obesity was correlated with left atrial (LA) enlargement (LA diameter greater than 40 mm), LV hypertrophy (posterior or anterior wall thickness greater than 11 mm), early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, abnormal LV mass (greater than 215 g) and abnormal relative wall thickness (greater than 0.43). Multivariate analysis was used to adjust for age and sex. Results: All diastolic parameters of heart failure were associated with obesity using univariate and multivariate analyses. The ORs for patients with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or greater were 2.53 (95% CI 2.30 to 2.75; P<0.0001) for LA diameter greater than 40 mm, 1.61 (95% CI 1.45 to 1.80; P<0.0001) for LV hypertrophy, 1.14 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.25; P<0.0001) for early versus late diastolic mitral flow reversal, 2.33 (95% CI 2.10 to 2.58; P<0.0001) for LV mass greater than 215 g, and 1.14 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.26; P=0.01) for relative wall thickness greater than 0.43. Conclusion: The present study suggests that obesity is associated with abnormal parameters of diastolic function.

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