Objective measures of tropical cyclone structure and intensity change from remotely sensed infrared image data

Miguel F. Pineros, Elizabeth A Ritchie, J Scott Tyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An objective technique for obtaining features associated with the shape and dynamics of cloud structures embedded in tropical cyclones from satellite infrared images is described. As the tropical cyclone develops from an unstructured cloud cluster and intensifies, the cloud structures become more axisymmetric about an identified reference point. Using variables derived from remotely sensed data, the technique calculates the gradient of the brightness temperatures to measure the level of symmetry of each structure, which characterizes the degree of cloud organization of the tropical cyclone. The results presented show that the technique provides an objective measure of both the structure and the intensity of the tropical cyclone from early stages, through intensification, maturity, and dissipation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4685943
Pages (from-to)3574-3580
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume46
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

tropical cyclone
Infrared radiation
brightness temperature
symmetry
dissipation
Luminance
Satellites
Temperature

Keywords

  • Image processing
  • Meteorology
  • Remote sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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AB - An objective technique for obtaining features associated with the shape and dynamics of cloud structures embedded in tropical cyclones from satellite infrared images is described. As the tropical cyclone develops from an unstructured cloud cluster and intensifies, the cloud structures become more axisymmetric about an identified reference point. Using variables derived from remotely sensed data, the technique calculates the gradient of the brightness temperatures to measure the level of symmetry of each structure, which characterizes the degree of cloud organization of the tropical cyclone. The results presented show that the technique provides an objective measure of both the structure and the intensity of the tropical cyclone from early stages, through intensification, maturity, and dissipation.

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