Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in Ultraperipheral Pb+Pb Collisions with the ATLAS Detector

Atlas Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb-1, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering candidates are selected in events with two photons produced exclusively, each with transverse energy ETγ>3 GeV and pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass above 6 GeV, and small diphoton transverse momentum and acoplanarity. After applying all selection criteria, 59 candidate events are observed for a background expectation of 12±3 events. The observed excess of events over the expected background has a significance of 8.2 standard deviations. The measured fiducial cross section is 78±13(stat)±7(syst)±3(lumi) nb.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052001
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume123
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 31 2019

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light scattering
collisions
detectors
transverse momentum
standard deviation
luminosity
cross sections
photons
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Observation of Light-by-Light Scattering in Ultraperipheral Pb+Pb Collisions with the ATLAS Detector. / Atlas Collaboration.

In: Physical review letters, Vol. 123, No. 5, 052001, 31.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "This Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb-1, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering candidates are selected in events with two photons produced exclusively, each with transverse energy ETγ>3 GeV and pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass above 6 GeV, and small diphoton transverse momentum and acoplanarity. After applying all selection criteria, 59 candidate events are observed for a background expectation of 12±3 events. The observed excess of events over the expected background has a significance of 8.2 standard deviations. The measured fiducial cross section is 78±13(stat)±7(syst)±3(lumi) nb.",
author = "{Atlas Collaboration} and G. Aad and B. Abbott and Abbott, {D. C.} and O. Abdinov and {Abed Abud}, A. and K. Abeling and Abhayasinghe, {D. K.} and Abidi, {S. H.} and Abouzeid, {O. S.} and Abraham, {N. L.} and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and Y. Abulaiti and Acharya, {B. S.} and B. Achkar and S. Adachi and L. Adam and {Adam Bourdarios}, C. and L. Adamczyk and L. Adamek and J. Adelman and M. Adersberger and A. Adiguzel and S. Adorni and T. Adye and Affolder, {A. A.} and Y. Afik and C. Agapopoulou and Agaras, {M. N.} and A. Aggarwal and C. Agheorghiesei and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and F. Ahmadov and Ahmed, {W. S.} and X. Ai and G. Aielli and S. Akatsuka and {\AA}kesson, {T. P.A.} and E. Akilli and Akimov, {A. V.} and {Al Khoury}, K. and Alberghi, {G. L.} and J. Albert and {Alconada Verzini}, {M. J.} and S. Alderweireldt and M. Aleksa and E. Cheu and Johns, {K. A.} and Rutherfoord, {J. P.} and Varnes, {E. W.}",
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AU - Abdinov, O.

AU - Abed Abud, A.

AU - Abeling, K.

AU - Abhayasinghe, D. K.

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AU - Albert, J.

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AU - Alderweireldt, S.

AU - Aleksa, M.

AU - Cheu, E.

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AB - This Letter describes the observation of the light-by-light scattering process, γγ→γγ, in Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=5.02 TeV. The analysis is conducted using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.73 nb-1, collected in November 2018 by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Light-by-light scattering candidates are selected in events with two photons produced exclusively, each with transverse energy ETγ>3 GeV and pseudorapidity |ηγ|<2.4, diphoton invariant mass above 6 GeV, and small diphoton transverse momentum and acoplanarity. After applying all selection criteria, 59 candidate events are observed for a background expectation of 12±3 events. The observed excess of events over the expected background has a significance of 8.2 standard deviations. The measured fiducial cross section is 78±13(stat)±7(syst)±3(lumi) nb.

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