The optical and ultraviolet broadband photometric and spectroscopic observations of the Type II supernova (SN) 2016gfy are presented. The V-band light curve (LC) shows a distinct plateau phase with a slope of s 2 ∼ 0.12 mag (100 day)-1 and a duration of 90 ± 5 days. Detailed analysis of SN 2016gfy provided a mean 56Ni mass of 0.033 ± 0.003 M o, a progenitor radius of ∼350-700 R o, a progenitor mass of ∼12-15 M o, and an explosion energy of (0.9-1.4) × 1051 erg s-1. The P-Cygni profile of Hα in the early-phase spectra (∼11-21 days) shows a boxy emission. Assuming that this profile arises from the interaction of the SN ejecta with the pre-existing circumstellar material (CSM), it is inferred that the progenitor underwent a recent episode (30-80 yr prior to the explosion) of enhanced mass loss. Numerical modeling suggests that the early LC peak is reproduced better with an existing CSM of 0.15 M o spread out to ∼70 au. A late-plateau bump is seen in the VRI LCs during ∼50-95 days. This bump is explained as a result of the CSM interaction and/or partial mixing of radioactive 56Ni in the SN ejecta. Using strong-line diagnostics, a subsolar oxygen abundance is estimated for the supernova H ii region (12 + log(O/H) = 8.50 ± 0.11), indicating an average metallicity for the host of an SN II. A star formation rate of ∼8.5 M o yr-1 is estimated for NGC 2276 using the archival GALEX FUV data.
- galaxies: individual (NGC 2276)
- supernovae: general
- supernovae: individual (SN 2016gfy)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science