Observations of continental biogenic impacts on marine aerosol and clouds off the coast of California

M. M. Coggon, Armin Sorooshian, Z. Wang, J. S. Craven, A. R. Metcalf, J. J. Lin, A. Nenes, H. H. Jonsson, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During the 2011 Eastern Pacific Emitted Aerosol Cloud Experiment (E-PEACE) and 2013 Nucleation in California Experiment (NiCE) field campaigns, a predominantly organic aerosol (> 85% by mass) was observed in the free troposphere over marine stratocumulus off the coast of California. These particles originated from a densely forested region in the Northwestern United States. The organic mass spectrum resolved by positive matrix factorization is consistent with the mass spectra of previously measured biogenic organic aerosol. Particulate organic mass exhibits a latitudinal gradient that corresponds to the geographical distribution of vegetation density and composition, with the highest concentration over regions impacted by densely populated monoterpene sources. Due to meteorological conditions during summer months, cloud-clearing events transport aerosol from the Northwestern United States into the free troposphere above marine stratocumulus. Based on the variation of meteorological variables with altitude, dry air containing enhanced biogenic organic aerosol is shown to entrain into the marine boundary layer. Fresh impacts on cloud water composition are observed north of San Francisco, CA which is consistent with fresh continental impacts on the marine atmosphere at higher latitudes. Continental aerosol size distributions are bimodal. Particles in the 100nm mode are impacted by biogenic sources, while particles in the 30nm mode may originate from fresh biogenic emissions. Continental aerosol in the 100nm mode is cloud condensation nuclei active and may play a role in modulating marine stratocumulus microphysics. Key Points BOA is measured above marine stratocumulus off the coast of California BOA was observed to entrain into the marine boundary layer BOA has a wide area of impact off the coast of California

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6724-6748
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume119
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2014

Fingerprint

Aerosols
coasts
stratocumulus
Coastal zones
aerosols
aerosol
coast
Troposphere
troposphere
boundary layer
marine atmosphere
mass spectra
biogenic emission
boundary layers
cloud condensation nucleus
volcanic cloud
Boundary layers
monoterpene
latitudinal gradient
cloud water

Keywords

  • biogenic aerosol
  • cloud condensation nuclei
  • marine stratocumulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Observations of continental biogenic impacts on marine aerosol and clouds off the coast of California. / Coggon, M. M.; Sorooshian, Armin; Wang, Z.; Craven, J. S.; Metcalf, A. R.; Lin, J. J.; Nenes, A.; Jonsson, H. H.; Flagan, R. C.; Seinfeld, J. H.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, No. 11, 16.06.2014, p. 6724-6748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coggon, MM, Sorooshian, A, Wang, Z, Craven, JS, Metcalf, AR, Lin, JJ, Nenes, A, Jonsson, HH, Flagan, RC & Seinfeld, JH 2014, 'Observations of continental biogenic impacts on marine aerosol and clouds off the coast of California', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 119, no. 11, pp. 6724-6748. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013JD021228
Coggon, M. M. ; Sorooshian, Armin ; Wang, Z. ; Craven, J. S. ; Metcalf, A. R. ; Lin, J. J. ; Nenes, A. ; Jonsson, H. H. ; Flagan, R. C. ; Seinfeld, J. H. / Observations of continental biogenic impacts on marine aerosol and clouds off the coast of California. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 119, No. 11. pp. 6724-6748.
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