Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe

R. A. Leske, E. R. Christian, C. M.S. Cohen, A. C. Cummings, A. J. Davis, M. I. Desai, J. Giacalone, M. E. Hill, C. J. Joyce, S. M. Krimigis, A. W. Labrador, O. Malandraki, W. H. Matthaeus, D. J. McComas, R. L. McNutt, R. A. Mewaldt, D. G. Mitchell, A. Posner, J. S. Rankin, E. C. RoelofN. A. Schwadron, E. C. Stone, J. R. Szalay, M. E. Wiedenbeck, A. Vourlidas, S. D. Bale, R. J. MacDowall, M. Pulupa, J. C. Kasper, R. C. Allen, A. W. Case, K. E. Korreck, R. Livi, M. L. Stevens, P. Whittlesey, B. Poduval

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A solar energetic particle event was detected by the Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun (ISo˙IS) instrument suite on Parker Solar Probe (PSP) on 2019 April 4 when the spacecraft was inside of 0.17 au and less than 1 day before its second perihelion, providing an opportunity to study solar particle acceleration and transport unprecedentedly close to the source. The event was very small, with peak 1 MeV proton intensities of ∼0.3 particles (cm2 sr s MeV)-1, and was undetectable above background levels at energies above 10 MeV or in particle detectors at 1 au. It was strongly anisotropic, with intensities flowing outward from the Sun up to 30 times greater than those flowing inward persisting throughout the event. Temporal association between particle increases and small brightness surges in the extreme-ultraviolet observed by the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, which were also accompanied by type III radio emission seen by the Electromagnetic Fields Investigation on PSP, indicates that the source of this event was an active region nearly 80 east of the nominal PSP magnetic footpoint. This suggests that the field lines expanded over a wide longitudinal range between the active region in the photosphere and the corona.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume246
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Leske, R. A., Christian, E. R., Cohen, C. M. S., Cummings, A. C., Davis, A. J., Desai, M. I., Giacalone, J., Hill, M. E., Joyce, C. J., Krimigis, S. M., Labrador, A. W., Malandraki, O., Matthaeus, W. H., McComas, D. J., McNutt, R. L., Mewaldt, R. A., Mitchell, D. G., Posner, A., Rankin, J. S., ... Poduval, B. (2020). Observations of the 2019 April 4 Solar Energetic Particle Event at the Parker Solar Probe. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 246(2), [35]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/ab5712