White shrimp, Penaeus setiferus, were injected in the abdominal musculature with 0.03 ml of a 1.4% carmine-saline solution and were kept at a temperature of 26°-28°C and a salinity of 23-26‰. Tissue samples were taken at hourly intervals of 1, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, and 72 hr and at 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 19, and 33 days post-injection and were examined histologically to determine the sites of phagocytosis and elimination of foreign particulate matter. Within 1 hr post-injection, extracellular clumps of the carmine particles were formed in the hemolymph. These clumps had been invaded by hemocytes at 18 hr, but they persisted throughout the study. Phagocytosis of the particles was accomplished by hemocytes circulating in the hemolymph and by fixed phagocytes in the gill, heart, loose connective tissue, and blood sinusoids in the abdomen. The fate of some phagocytized carmine was climination by the migration of hemocytes through the epithelium of the gills, gut, hepatopancreas, and through the extremities of the pereiopods and the pleopods. Encapsulations or brown nodules were formed in the musculature of the pereiopods around necrotic hemocytes that had phagocytized carmine. A large blister or cyst filled with carmine was formed in the gill cover of one specimen. The obsevation of carmine particles at 33 days post-injection indicates a slow clearance rate of large amounts of abiotic particulate matter in penaeid shrimp.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics